Penilaian Media Bercetak untuk Pendidikan Pemakanan Kanak-kanak Berlebihan Berat Badan dan Obes

Ruzita Abd. Talib, Shi Han Lim, Hanee Fakhrurazi, Siti Sabariah Buhari, Bee Koon Poh


Printed educational material is the primary mode of communication in public health education. However, there is a scarcity of studies that evaluate the acceptance towards printed educational materials in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of evaluating existing printed nutrition educational materials regarding childhood obesity for use in nutrition education or health promotion programme. This study was conducted in two stages. Stage 1 involved a survey of existing printed nutrition educational materials related to childhood obesity and pilot testing on questionnaires that was developed. Whereas Stage 2 was the evaluation of the acceptance of subjects towards existing printed educational materials and changes in knowledge level after reading the materials. Likert scale from 1 (very not satisfactory) to 5 (very satisfactory) was used in the evaluation. Subjects in this study comprised 67 individuals who were educational and health professionals (n = 7), adults (n = 30) and children (n = 30). In this study, adults were given a booklet that focused on prevention and management of childhood obesity such as complications of childhood obesity and food preparation. Children received a booklet that focused on food pyramid, importance of breakfast, physical activity and so on and a poster that focused on healthy food choices. The professionals were given all three printed materials. This study found that the acceptance of subjects towards content, illustrations, tables and figures, colour, organization of picture, organization of content, language and font size of the three printed educational materials are variety, which ranged from not satisfactory to very satisfactory. Mean satisfaction score of booklet targeted at adult population was 3.9 ± 0.5 while mean satisfaction score of booklet targeted at children population was 4.3 ± 0.4 and poster was 3.9 ± 0.9. Knowledge score of the professionals increased from 88.6 ± 11.2% to 95.5 ± 3.2% after reading the educational materials. The knowledge score of adults also increased significantly (p < 0.001) from 67.7 ± 13.6% to 84.8 ± 15.9%; among children, knowledge score significantly increased (p < 0.001) from 65.3 ± 14.4% to 84.0 ± 11.4%. In conclusion, the existing printed educational materials were well-accepted and were able to increase the knowledge level of target population. Therefore, the printed educational materials are suitable to be used in any health education program related to childhood obesity. 


Media; Evaluation; Nutrition education; Childhood obesity

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