Pengendalian Disfagia Oleh Patologis Pertuturan- Bahasa di Malaysia

Shobha Sharma, Haryani Harun, Rahayu Mustaffa Kamal, Srinovianti Noerdin


This study in the management of dysphagia or swallowing disorders involved 72 contactable Speech-Language Pathologists (SLP) in Malaysia. A survey was undertaken to identify the patterns of dysphagia management by SLPs in Malaysia by identifying the percentage of SLPs in Malaysia who have managed swallowing disorders, the approximate number of patients, assessment and therapy techniques used, other professional involvement and the factors that influenced the confidence levels of the SLPs in managing swallowing disorders. Fifty percent (50%) of the forty four SLPs (61.6%) who responded to the survey had previously managed swallowing disorders. It was estimated that 5% (430 of 8268) of patients referred to the SLPs in Malaysia presented with dysphagia and were subsequently managed for their swallowing problems. The oromotor
examination was carried out most frequently (100%) for evaluation of dysphagia while the compensatory technique proved to be the most frequently used management technique (77.3%). Most referrals to the SLPs were received from the neurosurgeon (59.1%); the otorhinolaryngologist was most referred to by the SLPs (50%). By using the Chi-squared analysis, it was found that clinical training in dysphagia at the undergraduate or post-graduate levels influenced the confidence levels of the SLPs in managing dysphagia cases (χ2 = 10.063 with p value = 0.007).


Dysphagia; Speech-Language Pathologist; Swallowing

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