Kesan Sistisidal Klorin Terhadap Acanthamoeba Pencilan Persekitaran dan Klinikal

Anisah Nordin, Mohamed Kamel Abd. Ghani, Nurul Farhana Jufri, Yusof Suboh


Acanthamoeba is a free-living amoeba that has been identified to cause Acanthamoeba keratitis and granulomatous
amoebic encephalitis. Their physiological characteristics can be related to pathogenic potential which have a medical
importance. This study was carried out to investigate the value of minimum cysticidal concentration of chlorine against
them. Acanthamoeba strains tested were from clinical isolates from hospitals (HSB 1, HKL 48 and HKL 95) and environmental
isolates (PHS 2, PHS 11 and PHS 15). The minimum cysticidal concentration of chlorine was determined by dilution process
using 12 wells microtitre plate starting with 2500 ppm. 100 microlitre cyst suspensions standardized at 105/ml were pipetted into all wells and incubated overnight at 30°C. Cysts were then washed using Page saline and cultured on non nutrient agar overlaid with Escherichia coli. The presence of trophozoites was then observed. The lowest concentration able to prevent trophozoites formation was noted as the minimum cysticidal concentration. Minimum cysticidal concentration test showed the same concentration of 156 ppm (156 microg/ml) chlorine solution was needed to kill all cysts of Acanthamoeba isolates. This indicates that the physiological traits of environmental and clinical isolates are the same. Isolates from the environmental specimens are also able to show the pathogenic potential similar to clinical specimens, thus capable of causing disease to human.


Acanthamoeba; chlorine; minimum cysticidal concentration; clinical and environmental isolates

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