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Author Guidelines

For New Authors: If you are submitting via this system for the first time, you will first be required to REGISTER. From the account you create, you will be able to monitor your submission and make subsequent submissions. Please refer to this online submission guide for help in submitting your manuscript to this online submission system.

Authors should prepare their manuscript according to the guidelines provided in this section. Manuscripts not prepared according to these guidelines may be rejected or returned for revision before any editorial consideration.



  • Manuscript are accepted both in English and Bahasa Melayu
  • Manuscript should contain 4000-8000 words
  • Manuscript submitted should be in .doc/.docx Microsoft Word format
  • Manuscript must be original. Any plagiarized work/stolen intellectual property would not be tolerated (≤30% similarity index is accepted)
  • Manuscript should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere
  • Please fill out the authors' full information in the metadata section of the submission page including full names, addresses, affiliations, phone numbers, email addresses, etc.



Authors should prepare their manuscripts according to this SUBMISSION TEMPLATE.




The title of a manuscript should be concise, descriptive and preferably not exceeding 15 words. Articles in Bahasa Melayu should provide an English title, and vice versa.

The first/corresponding author's name should be marked with an asterisk (*).

All manuscripts must include an abstract of 150-200 words, in both English and Bahasa Melayu (for non-Malaysian authors, the editor will provide the Malay version of the abstract).

The manuscript should be provided with a maximum of 5 keywords.


Refer to the submission template above to learn about the heading levels. There should only be a maximum of four (4) heading levels.


Refer to the submission template above to learn about the formatting for tables and figures. Each table and figure should have a title. Notes to a table and figure are optional.

Tables and figures should supplement the text and not duplicate it. Authors should be prepared to supply final camera-ready prints for all figures at the time the manuscript is accepted for publication.


Footnotes are not recommended. Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript with superscript Arabic numerals. On a separate page, type the text for endnotes in the order in which they are mentioned in the text.


Lengthy but essential information (e.g., sample questionnaire, technical notes on method, a large table) should be presented in an appendix centered at the top of the page. If they are multiple appendixes, label each one alphabetically: APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, etc. In the text, refer to appendixes by their labels (e.g., Appendixes A). Provide each appendix with a title.


All entries in the reference list must be cited in text. Cite references in text using the author-date method [e.g., Sidek (1998)]. If a work has two authors, always cite both names every time the work is referred to in the text. If a work has three to five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; in subsequent citations, include only the name of the first author followed by “et al.” and the year whenever the work is cited. Page numbers should be provided when specific arguments or findings of authors are paraphrased, summarized, or directly quoted. Examples:

First in-text citation:

            1-2 Author(s): Rosseni and Ramlee (2003: 13-17) argued that...

            3-5 Authors: Kamisah, Rosseni, Hamidah (2003) found...

Subsequent citations:

           1-2 Author(s): Rosseni and Ramlee (2003: 20-20) argued that...

           3-5 Authors: Kamisah et al. (1995) found...

For parenthetical citations of two or more works, use alphabetical ordering and ampersands (&). Separate each cited work by semicolons. Example:

...several researchers (e.g., Amla 1997; Lilia, Noraishah & Khalijah 2003a, 2003b; Rosseni et al. 2004; Safani & Manisah 2003; Shahrin 1998; Siti Rahayah 2004) support this argument...


An alphabetically-ordered reference list should be included at the end of the manuscript. All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list (do not include a reference that are not cited). Several references by the same author(s) should be ordered chronologically (earliest date first). 

Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of all information in a reference. Type each entry using a hanging-indent format. This journal adheres to GayaUKM referencing style, which the closest style to it is APA referencing style (but without bracket on the year of publication). Therefore, for easy referencing, please use APA style but remove the bracket on the year of publication. Refer to the examples below: 

Book and book chapter

Barker, P. 1987. Authoring languages. London: Croom Helm.

Davis, N., Desforges, C., Jessel, J., Somekh, B., Taylor, C. & Vaughan, G. 1997.Can quality in learning be enhanced through the use of IT? In. Somekh, B. & Davis, N. (ed.). Using Information Technology effectively in teaching and learning. London: Routledge.

Gibson, J.L., Ivancevish, J.M. & Donnelly, J.H., Jr. 1994. Organizations, 8th ed. Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin.


Intan Safinas Mohd Ariff AlBakri, Siti Hamin Stapa & Rosseni Din. 2003. Using e-Mail Dialogue Journal Writing in ESL Classroom: A Case Study. VirTEC Jurnal. 3(1): 55-65.

Noriah Ishak, Siti Rahayah Ariffin, Rosseni Din & Aidah Abdul Karim. 2002. Expanding Traditional Classroom Through Computer Technology: A Collaborative Learning Process. Jurnal Pendidikan UTM 37(1): 17-28.

Rekkedal, T. & Paulsen, M.F. 1989. Computer conferencing in distance education: status and trends. European Journal of Education 24(1): 61-72.

Rosseni Din. 1998. Penjagaan Komputer. Buletin SRI 1(2): 2-4.

Proceedings, presented papers, and dissertations

Aidah Abdul Karim, Rosseni Din, Kamisah Osman. 2004. The Use of Information Literacy Skill Among Science Teacher Trainees in Malaysia Proceeding of the Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education 15th International Conference. 1-6 March. Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 1120-1126.

Rosseni Din & Aidah Abdul Karim. 2004. Promoting Indigenous Language Development Through Computer Mediated Communication In An Online Learning Environment: A Hybrid Approach. Proceeding of the World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications. 21-26 June, Lugano, Switzerland, 5026-5032.

Rosseni Din. 2002. Proposal Penyediaan Portal Masuk ke server e-Bincang. Paper presented in the UKM Information Technology Infrastructure Committee Meeting No. 15/2002, 14 Mei, Computer Center, UKM Bangi.

Sahalani Basar. 2004. Pembinaan Perisian PPBK Berasaskan Web Untuk Pembelajaran Flash disepadu Dreamweaver. Projek Sarjana Pendidikan (Pendidikan Komputer), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia.

Electronic Reference

Milligan, C. 2000. Virtual learning environments in the on-line delivery of staff development. (online report). 044.htm. January 15, 2001.

Green, K. 2000. High Touch, high tech, hybrid. Converge, May. (online magazine). DigitalTweed.shtm. June 2, 2002.

Bartol, K.M. Koehl, D. & Martin, D.C. 1987. Quantitative versus qualitative information utilization among college business students. (CD-ROM). Educational and Psychological Research 7: 61-74. Abstract from: SilverPlatter File: PsysLIT Item: 75-24812.

Funder. D.C. 1994 (March). Judgemental process and content: Commentary on Koehler on base-rate (9 paragraphs)/ Psychology (on-line serial). 5(17). Available Email: psyc@pucc Message: Get psyc 94- xxxxx.

**Note that Malaysian authors' names are written in full.




The abstract (150-200 words) of an empirical article should contain a thesis statement/context, objective, methodology, findings and discussion, conclusion, and implication.

In the introduction (500-3000 words) of the article, authors should introduce the main topic and overall picture of the study, situate the argument of the study in an existing literature base, and suggest the potential significance of the study in terms of: filling the gap in the existing professional knowledge, literature and/or the potential of improved practice. Authors should state the objectives/research questions clearly. 

In the methodology section (500-1000 words), authors should describe the research design, provide the theoretical support for the method chosen, explain the general procedures used with respect to sample/case selection, instrumentation, data collection and analysis techniques, and the establishment of validity and reliability (quantitative and qualitative).

In the findings and discussion section (1000-3000 words), the authors should describe the findings and interpretations of the findings related to the stated objective/research questions. When necessary, present the data in tables and figures that would make the data accessible. State any practical issues that emerged in data collection, such as reliability, validity, generalizability/ transferability depending on the context of the study. Justify findings and relate the discussion with existing literature.

**important: separation of findings and discussion is not recommended. 

In the conclusion section (100-300 words), authors should summarize the whole article and state the implication, significance and limitation of the study in an integrated manner.


A non-empirical article should provide solid arguments towards answering one or more related questions. The article should begin with a review of previous work on the chosen topic and authors should argue, provide evidence and examples that supports the author’s thesis relating to the questions. The article should illustrate the author’s subjective position towards the issues and questions that are under consideration.

Relatively, most non-empirical papers are rejected throughout the review process due to the lack of vigour and robust arguments. To increase the chance of your non-empirical paper being accepted, please consider doing systematic literature review.   


A book review should consists of 2000-3000 words. In the review, the author should introduce the book and its author's background, summary of why the book was written and its contributions to the existing body of knowledge, how its author approach the topic, thoroughness of the discussion, logic and fallacy of the arguments, and comparison of the book with other previously/currently published book to position it in the existing literature.

The review of the book should be around its strength and weakness by providing examples from the text. The book should be analysed by drawing on one conceptual framework and its implications of research in the field of education.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission file is in .doc/.docx Microsoft Word document file format.
  2. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the SUBMISSION GUIDELINES.
  3. The manuscript has below 30% similarity index.
  4. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under consideration for publication in another journal (or an explanation has been provided in "Comments to the Editor").
  5. In submitting the manuscript, the author AGREES to comply with the Publication Code of Ethics for Authors.
  6. In submitting the manuscript, the author AGREES with the Copyright policy of the journal.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright of the article and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that his or her submitted works do not infringe any other existing copyright. Authors should obtain letters of permission to reproduce or adapt copyright material and enclose copies of these letters with the final version of the accepted manuscript.

The author indemnifies the editors and publisher against any breach of such a warranty.


Privacy Statement

1. The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

2. The title page which contains the author’s name, affiliation, address, phone number, fax number and e-mail address will be removed before the manuscript is sent out for the review.