Potensi Kebolehpasaran Bakal Graduan Fakulti Ekonomi dan Pengurusan (Employability Potential of the Faculty of Economics and Management Future Graduates)

NUR AIN DAROL BAHA, MUSTAZAR MANSUR, MOHD ADIB ISMAIL

Abstract


Kajian kebolehpasaran graduan adalah penting untuk menentukan sama ada program pengajian yang ditawarkan dapat menyediakan graduan yang kompetitif dalam pasaran kerja sebagai salah satu penandaaras keberkesanan. Kajian tinjauan ini menentukan kesan komponen ijazah, pengalaman bekerja, kemahiran generik serta pengurusan emosi terhadap pembelajaran pembangunan kerjaya yang mencerminkan tahap kebolehpasaran dalam kalangan 212 graduan Fakulti Ekonomi dan Pengurusan di sebuah Institut Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA) di Malaysia. Soal selidik telah digunakan sebagai instrumen, dan data dianalisis menggunakan Analisis Pemodelan Persamaan Struktur Kuasa Dua Separa Terkecil (PLS-SEM). Didapati bahawa komponen ijazah, kemahiran generik dan pengurusan emosi mempengaruhi potensi kebolehpasaran peserta kajian secara signifikan, manakala komponen pengalaman bekerja mempengaruhi potensi kebolehpasaran peserta kajian secara tidak signifikan. Ini menunjukkan bahawa peserta kajian disediakan dengan pengetahuan akademik, kemahiran insaniah dan pengurusan emosi yang cukup, tetapi kurang dibekalkan dengan pengalaman bekerja untuk memasuki alam pekerjaan. Implikasinya, Kementerian Pendidikan Tinggi, institusi pengajian dan industri perlu bekerjasama dalam menangani masalah kekurangan pengalaman bekerja dalam kalangan graduan dengan menyediakan beberapa program wajib serta latihan industri yang lebih komprehensif yang dapat mendedahkan pelajar dengan kerjaya mereka sebagai langkah untuk meminimumkan masalah pengangguran dalam kalangan graduan di Malaysia.

Kata Kunci: Kebolehpasaran Graduan; Model CareerEDGE; PLS-SEM; Pembelajaran Pembangunan Kerjaya

 

Graduate employability study is important to determine whether the study program offered can provide graduates that are competitive in the job market as one of its benchmarks of effectiveness. This survey determines the impact of degree, work experience, generic skills and emotional management components on career development learning that reflects the level of employability among 212 graduates of the Faculty of Economics and Management at a Public Institute of Higher Learning (IPTA) in Malaysia. Questionnaires were used as instruments, and the data were analyzed using Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM). It was found that the degree, generic skills and emotional management components significantly influences the participants’ employability, while the work experience component insignificantly influences participant’ employabilitys. This indicates that the participants are provided with adequate academic knowledge, soft skills and emotional management, but are poorly equipped with work experience to enter the job market. The implication is that the Ministry of Higher Education, educational institutions and industry need to work together to address the problem of lack of work experience among graduates by providing some compulsory programs and more comprehensive industrial training that can expose students to their careers as a measure to minimize unemployment issues among graduates in Malaysia.

Key Words: Graduate Employability; CareerEDGE Model; PLS-SEM; Career Development Learning


Keywords


Kebolehpasaran Siswazah; Model CareerEDGE; PLS-SEM; Pembelajaran Pembangunan Kerjaya

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JPEN-2020-45.02-02

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