PENGARUH SOKONGAN SOSIAL TERHADAP PEMULIHAN KEAGAMAAN BANDUAN WANITA (The Influence of Social Support on the Religious Rehabilitation of Women Inmates)

Siti Jamiaah Abdul Jalil, Rozmi Ismail, Yusmini Md. Yusoff

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Sokongan ahli keluarga dan masyarakat amat penting dalam membantu proses pemulihan penghuni di penjara. Oleh yang demikian, makalah ini mengenal pasti pengaruh sokongan sosial terhadap pemulihan keagamaan banduan wanita. Tumpuan diberikan terhadap pemulihan keagamaan kerana Jabatan Penjara Malaysia (JPM) telah menggunakan pendekatan keagamaan sebagai salah satu modul utama dalam pemulihan banduan wanita bagi membentuk peribadi individu yang lebih positif. Kaedah kajian kuantitatif dengan instrumen soal selidik digunakan. Data dianalisis dengan kaedah korelasi dan regrasi. Hasil kajian mendapati sokongan sosial mempunyai hubungan positif yang signifkan dengan nilai keagamaan banduan wanita (r=.206, p<0.05). Sokongan ahli keluarga (r=.203, p<0.05), rakan-rakan (r=.260, p<0.05) dan kakitangan JPM (r=.174, p<0.05) mempunyai hubungan positif yang signifkan dengan
nilai akidah. Analisis regresi turut menunjukkan bahawa sokongan rakan-rakan dan keluarga menjadi faktor peramal kepada nilai keagamaan banduan wanita. Oleh itu, sokongan sosial kepada banduan wanita dapat membantu proses pemulihan mereka terutama dalam menguatkan akidah. Implikasinya pihak JPM perlu membuka ruang dan peluang kepada ahli keluarga untuk memberikan sokongan sosial kepada banduan wanita dan menggalakkan para banduan untuk saling bantu-membantu dan memupuk nilai persaudaraan antara mereka.

ABSTRACT

The support of family members and the community is crucial in helping the process of rehabilitation of inmates. Therefore, this study attempts to identify the influence of social support on religious rehabilitation of women inmate. The focus is on religious rehabilitation because the Prisons Department of Malaysia (JPM) has adopted religious approach as one of the main modules in the rehabilitation of women inmates to create more positive individual personality. Quantitative research approach with questionnaire was used. The data were analysed by correlation and regression. The results showed that social support had a signifcant positive relationship with women inmates religious values (r = .206, p <0.05). Family members support (r = .203, p <0.05), peers (r = .260, p <0.05) and JPM staff (r = .174, p <0.05) have signifcant positive relationships with the values of the creed. Regression analysis also showed that friends and family support became a predictor of religious value for women inmates. Therefore, social support to women inmates can help their rehabilitation process especially in reinforcing the faith. The implication of the JPM should be to open space and opportunity for family members to provide social support to women inmates and to encourage inmates to help each other and foster the values of brotherhood between them.


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