Keterlibatan Pelajar dan Hubungannya dengan Kemahiran Insaniah (Students’ Involvement and its Relationship with Soft Skills)

IRWAN FARIZA SIDIK, MOHD MAHZAN AWANG, ABD RAZAQ AHMAD

Abstract


Pembentukan insan seimbang serta harmoni dari segi jasmani, emosi, rohani, intelek dan sosial berteraskan Falsafah Pendidikan Kebangsaan memerlukan set kemahiran yang bertujuan untuk melengkapkan kemahiran insaniah pelajar. Kajian-kajian lepas menjangkakan bahawa keterlibatan pelajar mengarah kepada kemahiran insaniah pelajar. Kajian tinjauan ini mengenalpasti tahap dan hubungan keterlibatan pelajar dengan kemahiran insaniah, yang melibatkan 1600 orang pelajar Tingkatan Empat dari empat jenis sekolah menengah di Semenanjung Malaysia. Soal selidik digunakan sebagai instrumen, dan data dianalisis secara deskriptif dan inferensi. Dapatan menunjukkan kedua-dua keterlibatan pelajar dan kemahiran insaniah berada pada tahap sederhana tinggi. Terdapat hubungan positif kuat yang signifikan antara keterlibatan pelajar dengan kemahiran insaniah. Ini menunjukkan bahawa keterlibatan pelajar menerusi aktiviti pembelajaran dalam bilik darjah, aktiviti sosial di sekolah dan aktiviti pelajar dalam kokurikulum dapat meningkatkan kemahiran insaniah pelajar. Implikasinya, guru seharusnya mempelbagaikan kaedah pengajaran yang dapat meningkatkan keterlibatan pelajar. Dalam pada itu, pelajar perlu mempunyai tahap kesediaan yang tinggi untuk melibatkan diri dengan pelbagai aktiviti yang dijalankan di sekolah bagi membina kemahiran insaniah dalam diri pelajar.

Kata Kunci: Keterlibatan pelajar; kemahiran insaniah; sekolah menengah


Shaping a balanced and harmony human being physically, emotionally, spiritually, intellectually based on the National Education Philosophy requires a set of skills aimed at complementing the students' soft skills. Previous studies expected that student engagement leads to students' soft skills. This study identified the level and relationship of student engagement with soft skills, involving 1600 Form Four students from four types of secondary schools in Peninsular Malaysia. Questionnaire was used as the instrument, and the data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially. Findings show that both student engagement and soft skills are at a moderate level. There is a strong positive relationship between student engagement and soft skills. This shows that student engagement through classroom learning, school social activities and student activities in the curriculum can enhance students' soft skills. The implication is that teachers should be able to diversify their teaching methods to enhance student engagement. At the same time, students need to have a high level of readiness to engage in the various activities undertaken at the school to build soft skills within the students.

Keywords: Students’ involvement; soft skills; secondary school


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JPEN-2020-45.01SI-09

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