Kesan Pembelajaran Berasaskan Projek terhadap Kemahiran Menulis Karangan Murid Sekolah Rendah (The Effects of Project-Based Learning on Essay Writing Skills among Primary School Students)

MONICA LAINA TONGE, ZAMRI MAHAMOD

Abstract


Kaedah pembelajaran berasaskan projek (PBP) dianggap sebagai salah satu amalan pengajaran yang berkesan yang boleh diterapkan dalam bidang kurikulum, namun kurang dipraktikkan kerana dibatasi faktor masa. Kajian tindakan ini bertujuan mengkaji kesan pendekatan Pembelajaran Berasaskan Projek (PBP) ke atas penguasaan kemahiran penulisan serta minat terhadap pembelajaran penulisan dalam kalangan murid sekolah rendah. Empat orang murid Tahun Lima yang mempunyai masalah dalam penulisan dipilih sebagai peserta kajian secara bertujuan. Sesi tindakan telah dilakukan dalam tiga kitaran, dan penguasaan kemahiran penulisan murid dilihat berdasarkan ujian pencapaian penulisan, hasil lembaran kerja, dan hasil projek buku skrap. Minat murid terhadap pembelajaran telah diperhatikan dan dianalisis secara naratif. Dapatan menujukkan peningkatan dalam markah ujian pencapaian penulisan murid, penurunan dalam aspek masalah penulisan, serta penghasilan projek buku skrap yang menepati tugasan dan kriteria penilaian. Dapatan juga menunjukkan peningkatan minat murid dalam pembelajaran penulisan dalam beberapa aspek, iaitu: i) kebebasan meneroka kreativiti, ii) fokus dan rasa ingin tahu yang mendalam, dan iii) mengambil bahagian secara aktif. Kesimpulannya, aktiviti PBP dapat membantu meningkatkan pencapaian dan minat murid untuk belajar penulisan dalam Bahasa Melayu, terutamanya dalam kalangan murid yang mempelajari Bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa kedua mereka.

Kata kunci: Kemahiran menulis karangan, pembelajaran berasaskan projek, murid sekolah rendah


Project-based learning (PBP) methods are considered one of the most effective teaching practices that can be implemented in the curriculum but are less practiced due to time constraints. This action research aims to study the impact of the Project Based Learning (PBP) approach on mastery of writing skills as well as interest in learning writing among primary school students. Four Year Five students with writing problems were purposely selected as research participants. Action sessions were conducted in three cycles, and mastery of student writing skills was assessed based on writing achievement tests, worksheets, and scrapbook project results. Students' interest in learning has been observed and analyzed narratively. The findings indicate improvements in student writing achievement test scores, a decrease in the aspect of writing problems, and the production of scrapbook projects that meet assignments and assessment criteria. The findings also show increased student interest in writing learning in several aspects, namely: i) freedom to explore creativity, ii) deep focus and curiosity, and iii) active participation. In conclusion, the PBP activity can help increase student achievement and interest in learning to write in the Malay language, especially among students who learn the Malay language as their second language.

Keywords: Essay writing skills, project-based learning, primary school students


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JPEN-2020-45.01-02

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