Sokongan Persekitaran Sosial di Pelbagai Jenis Sekolah Menengah dalam Meningkatkan Kemahiran Insaniah Pelajar (Social Environmental Support in Various Types of Secondary Schools in Improving Soft Skills Among Students)

Irwan Fariza Sidik, Mohd Mahzan Awang, Abdul Razaq Ahmad

Abstract


Sokongan persekitaran perlu bagi menggalakkan keterlibatan pelajar dalam pelbagai aktiviti di sekolah. Ini dapat memupuk kemahiran insaniah dalam diri pelajar. Kemahiran insaniah perlu dikuasai oleh pelajar ketika berada di sekolah menengah dan membantu mereka melangkah ke alam pekerjaan kelak. Kajian ini bertujuan mengenal pasti tahap dan hubungan sokongan persekitaran dalam meningkatkan kemahiran insaniah pelajar pelbagai jenis sekolah. Kajian tinjauan ini menggunakan soal selidik yang melibatkan seramai 200 orang pelajar tingkatan 4 dari empat jenis sekolah iaitu Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan (SMK), Sekolah Menengah Jenis Kebangsaan Cina (SMJKC), Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama (SMKA) dan sekolah berasrama penuh (SBP) di Negeri Sembilan. Analisis deskriptif dan inferensi digunakan dalam kajian ini iaitu kekerapan, peratusan, skor min, sisihan piawai dan korelasi Pearson. Keseluruhan konstruk berada pada tahap kebolehpercayaan yang tinggi iaitu 0.896 hingga 0.965. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan keseluruhan tahap sokongan persekitaran (min = 3.95, sisihan piawai = 0.914) dan kemahiran insaniah pelajar (min = 3.81, sisihan piawai = 0.849) masing-masing berada pada tahap sederhana tinggi. Kajian menunjukkan faktor sokongan persekitaran merupakan elemen penting serta mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dengan kemahiran insaniah pelajar dengan nilai (r = 0.701) dan sig = 0.000 (p < 0.01). Kekuatan hubungan ialah positif kuat. Implikasi dapatan kajian mencadangkan pihak sekolah perlu melaksanakan pelbagai program mengikut keperluan pelajar untuk meningkatkan kemahiran insaniah pelajar.

Kata kunci: Sokongan persekitaran, kemahiran insaniah, sekolah menengah

 

Environmental support is necessary to encourage students’ engagement and nurture students’ inner skills in various activities at school. Soft skills should be mastered by students in high schools in a way to help them step into the realm of work. The purpose of this study is to identify the level and support of the environment in improving the soft skills of students from different types of schools. Surveys were conducted using questionnaires involving a total of 200 form four students from four types of schools namely SMK, SMJKC, SMKA and full boarding schools (SBP) of Negeri Sembilan. Descriptive and inferential analysis used in this study are frequency, percentage, mean score, standard deviation and Pearson correlation. A high level of reliability of 0.896 to 0.965 portrays. The findings showed the overall level of environmental support (mean = 3.95, standard deviation = 0.914) and student’s soft skills (mean = 3.81, standard deviation = 0.849) were moderately high. Research shows that environmental support factor is an important element and has significant relationship with student’s soft skills. The implications of the findings suggest that the school should implement various programs according to the needs of students to improve the students’ soft skills.

Keywords: Environmental support, soft skills, secondary school


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JPEN-2018-43.03-08

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