Komunikasi dan Kefahaman Maklumat Saintifik dalam Buku Teks Sains Sekolah Rendah: Satu Kajian Kes tentang Kaedah Penyampaian (Communication and Understanding of Sciencetific Information in Primary Science Text Books: A Case Study about Delivery Methode)

ROBERT FRANCIS PETERS, AMNAH ABDULLAH

Abstract


Walaupun Malaysia telah meningkatkan usaha dalam bidang Sains dan Teknologi, terdapat penurunan dalam jumlah murid yang minat atau cemerlang dalam mata pelajaran tersebut. Murid-murid ini menghadapi kesukaran dalam menghayati konsep-konsep saintifik.Salah satu punca kesukaran berpunca daripada keberkaitan intra kandungan buku teks mata pelajaran Sains itu sendiri. Walau bagaimanapun, tumpuan dalam aspek keberkaitan kandungan adalah kurang. Analisis dokumen telah dilaksanakan melalui satu kajian kes terhadap penjelasan beberapa konsep sains dalam buku teks kebangsaan.Jenis buku teks digunakan dalam cerapan data ialah buku-buku teks Sains sekolah rendah kebangsaan untuk Tahun 4, 5 dan 6. Dalam kajian mengenai komunikasi konsep-konsep sains ini, mudah-susah seseorang murid memahami sesuatu konsep dan kesinambungan konsep tersebut dicerap dan dianalisis. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa beberapa konsep saintifik yang terkandung dalam buku teks Sains telah dipersembahkan pada tahap yang tidak membolehkan murid mengetahui konsep tersebut dengan baik. Wujud ketidaksinambungan konsep-konsep saintifik dalam buku-buku teks Sains tersebut. Penemuan ini dibincangkan dan kesimpulannya diberikan dalam artikel ini.

Kata kunci: Maklumat sainstifik, buku teks, mata pelajaran Sains, sekolah rendah, kajian kes

 

Despite Malaysia's effort in the field of science and technology, there is decrease in the number of students interested or excelling in the subject of science. Some students simply have difficulty in grasping certain scientific concepts. A cause of this is the content intra-connectivity of the science textbooks, but there is limited focus on content connectivity.Document analysis was carried out in acase study about selected science concepts in national science textbooks. The types of textbooks examined in this case study were the national schooling Science textbooks for Primary 4, 5 and 6. A student’s easeness to comprehend a sciencific concept and the continuity of specific science concepts were analysed. Findings of this study show certain science concept presented in the Science textbooks are at an unsatisfactory level leaving students hanging vis-a-vis the depth of understanding of the science concept. In addition, the study also showed certain a discontinuity of science concepts in those Science textbooks. Discussions and conclusion of these findings are presented in this article.

Keywords: Sciencetific information, textbook, Science subject, primary school, case study


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JPEN-2017-42.02-01


Keywords


Sciencetific information, textbook, Science subject, primary school, case study

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JPEN-2017-42.02-01

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ISSN 2180-0782 | eISSN: 2600-8823
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