HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONSEP REZEKI DAN PERSEPSI TERHADAP RISIKO DALAM PERSAINGAN PERNIAGAAN MENGGUNAKAN ANALISIS SPEARMAN'S RHO (The Relationship between the Concept of Sustenance and the Perception of Risk in Business Competition using Spearman’s Rho Analysis)

Abdul Qawi Abdul Halim, Mohamad Sabri Haron

Abstract


ABSTRAK


Kebanyakan usahawan Melayu tidak memahami konsep rezeki yang merupakan sebahagian daripada qada dan qadar. Hal ini dizahirkan dengan tindakan mereka yang sentiasa menyalahkan orang lain jika berlaku kerugian seperti yang dilaporkan media tempatan. Terdapat beberapa kajian yang mengaitkan perkataan risiko dan rezeki dalam Bahasa Arab. Namun begitu, dua perkataan ini mempunyai definisi dan makna yang berbeza. Rezeki menurut Tasawwur Islam adalah sesuatu yang dijamin dan ditentukan ketentuannya. Artikel ini bertujuan menganalisis hubungan antara konsep rezeki yang boleh diusahakan dan persepsi risiko persaingan perniagaan. Satu kajian rintis menggunakan analisis Spearman’s rho telah dilaksanakan pada tahun 2019 melibatkan 30 orang peniaga Melayu di sekitar Lembah Klang. Makalah ini untuk mengenal pasti tanggapan peniaga tentang konsep rezeki dan risiko persaingan perniagaan. Keputusan analisis ujian korelasi Spearman menunjukkan bahawa hubungan antara kefahaman tentang konsep rezeki dan penilaian risiko persaingan adalah tidak signifikan (r =.122, p > .05).

ABSTRACT

Most of Malay entrepreneurs do not understand the concept of sustenance that is part of qada and qadar (the devine decree and the predestination). This is reflected on the actions of those who constantly blame others in the event of a loss as reported by the local media. There are several studies that associate the word risk and rizq in Arabic. However these two words bear different meaning.  Providence according to Islamic Worldview is guaranteed and determined by Allah Almighty. This paper aims to analyze the relationship between the concept of sustenance and the perception of risk in business competition. A pilot study using Spearman's rho analysis was conducted in 2019 involving 30 Malay traders in the Klang Valley. This study identifies traders' perceptions of the concept of rizq and business competition. The results of Spearman's correlation test analysis showed that the relationship between understanding of the concept of rizq and competition risk assessment was not significant (r = .122, p> .05).


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