AN ANALYSIS OF THE ARGUMENTS AND COUNTER ARGUMENTS ON THE LANGUAGE OF DELIVERY OF KHUTBATUL-JUMU‘AH (FRIDAY SERMON) IN THE MUSLIM WORLD (Analisis Hujahandan Hujahan Balas Terhadap Bahasa Penyampaian Khutbatul-Jumu'ah (khutbah Jumaat) dalam Masyarakat Islam)

Owoyemi Samuwilu Aladen

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Friday sermon is seen as a veritable medium employed by Friday Imam to address various issues affecting Muslims and their communities on weekly basis. Observance of Friday prayer attracts large number of Muslim worshippers who listen to sermon that precedes the prayer. However, there have been arguments and counter arguments on the view of some Muslim jurists that Arabic language should be the appropriate language of the delivery of the Friday sermon. Adopting analytical method, the paper aims at examining the divergent opinions of the Muslims’ jurists on the language of Friday sermon. The finding of this study reveals that there are arguments and counter arguments on the language of delivery of Friday sermon due to the fact that there is no Quran verse or authentic hadith that specifically makes delivery of Friday sermon in Arabic compulsory. The finding also shows that KhutbatulJumu‘ah (Friday sermon) cannot be equated with Salat (ritual prayer) and for the Friday sermon to have positive impact on the life of the congregation, Friday Imam is expected to deliver his sermon in the language understood by the majority of the congregation.

ABSTRAK

Khutbah Jumaat adalah medium yang digunakan oleh Imam untuk menyampaikan pelbagai isu yang memberi kesan kepada masyarakat Islam pada setiap minggu. Daripada pemerhatian, didapati solat Jumaat menarik minat banyak umat Islam untuk mendengar Khutbah Jumaat terlebih dahulu sebelum menunaikan solat. Walaubagaimanapun, terdapat hujahan dan hujahan balas berdasarkan pandangan beberapa ulama’/ulamak Islam yang menyatakan bahawa bahasa Arab merupakan bahasa yang sesuai untuk menyampaikan khutbah Jumaat. Dengan mengadaptasi kaedah analitikal, makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji perbezaan pendapat ulama’/ ulamak Islam berkaitan dengan bahasa penyampaian khutbah Jumaat. Hasil kajian ini mendapati bahawa terdapat hujahan dan hujahan balas terhadap penggunaan bahasa penyampaian khutbah Jumaat disebabkan oleh fakta yang tidak mengandungi ayat alQuran atau hadis sahih yang khusus yang menyebabkan penyampaian Khutbah Jumaat wajib disampaikan dalam bahasa Arab. Dapatan ini juga menunjukkan KhutbatulJumu'ah (khutbahJumaat) tidak boleh disamakan dengan solat lima waktu/solat biasa dan khutbah Jumaat juga memberi kesan positif terhadap kehidupan jemaah, penyampaian khutbah Jumaat yang disampaikan oleh Imam hendaklah menggunakan bahasa yang mudah difahami oleh majority jemaah.


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