TINGKAH LAKU PESAKIT HISTERIA MENURUT PERSPEKTIF PERUBATAN RUQYAH SHAR‘IYYAH (Behavior of Hysterical Patient Based on Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah Medication Perspective)

Ezwan Rafiq Husin, Husin Junoh, Tamar Jaya Nizar, Kamarul Azmi Jasmi, Nurazmallail Marni, Kamarolzaman Md. Jidi

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Histeria merupakan gejala yang sukar ditentukan sama ada berpunca daripada gangguan psikologi atau rasukan jin. Justeru kajian ini bertujuan untuk membezakan antara tingkah laku pesakit histeria rasukan jin dengan tingkah laku pesakit hysteria gangguan psikologi menurut perspektif perubatan Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah. Temu bual dan pemerhatian dilakukan terhadap pesakit dan perawat Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah di pusat perubatan tradisional Islam Darussyifa’ dan Darussalam yang bertempat di Bangi dan Gombak, Selangor Darul Ehsan. Kajian kes kualitatif telah dipilih sebagai reka bentuk kajian. Analisis tema dilakukan dengan menggunakan perisian Atlas ti. 7. Pengesahan pakar diperoleh melalui tahap bacaan Cohen Kappa pada setiap tema kajian. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan tingkah laku pesakit histeria seperti agresif dan bertutur bahasa asing terzahir sebagai reaksi semasa pesakit sedang menjalani perubatan Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah. Tingkah laku pesakit yang tidak agresif, tidak lagi berkomunikasi dengan bahasa pelik, bertenaga dan rajin dalam melakukan ibadat dan menjalani urusan harian merupakan kesan selepas pesakit menjalani perubatan tersebut. Purata bacaan Cohen Kappa adalah sebanyak 0.66 iaitu, mencapai tahap tinggi. Sebagai kesimpulan, perbezaan antara simptom daripada dua jenis histeria tersebut diperoleh melalui reaksi semasa perubatan Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah dan kesan selepas perubatan tersebut dijalankan ke atas pesakit.

ABSTRACT

Hysteria has a blind factor view wheather it was because of psychological disturbance and demonic exorcism. This study aims to differentiate the behavior symptom between hysterical patient and psychological disorder patient based on the Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah medication perspective. Interview and observation was done on patient and Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah healer in traditional Islamic medication centre in Darussyifa’ and Darussalam which is located in Bangi and Gombak, Selangor Darul Ehsan.  Quality case study was chosen as a study design.  Thematic analysis was done using Atlas ti. 7 analysis software. Validity from experts was gained in the form of Cohen Kappa level in each theme of the study. Finding shows that behavior of hysterical patient of demonic exorcism such as aggressiveness and communicating in wierd language appears as a reaction during Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah treatment.  Patients non aggressive, non-communicating in weird language appears as a reaction during Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah treatment.  Patient’s non-aggressive, non-communicating in weird language behavior, and energetic through their worshipping and their daily life activities were the effect of the treatment. The cumulative rating of Cohen Kappa of 0.66 reaches ‘Substantial level’. As a result, differentiation between both symptoms was gained through the reaction during Ruqyah Shar‘iyyah treatment and the positive effect after the treatment.


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