PEMIKIRAN PASCA ISLAMISME DALAM KONTEKS GERAKAN ISLAM DI MALAYSIA (Post-Islamism in the Context of Islamic Movement in Malaysia)

Wan Ahmad Fahmi Wan Muda

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Pasca Islamisme merupakan trend baharu yang timbul dalam gerak kerja politik Islam. Kemunculan pasca Islamisme selari dengan tuntutan memenuhi kehendak demokrasi. Justeru, kebanyakan gerakan Islam seluruh dunia mulai berbeza tafsiran terhadap konsep negara Islam, isu pelaksanaan undang-undang Islam dan kerjasama antara orang bukan Islam. Perkembangan trend ini melahirkan golongan Islamis yang mulai berpendirian menyokong pendekatan pasca Islamisme dalam arena politik Islam termasuk dalam kalangan gerakan Islam di negara ini. Objektif kajian ini menganalisis unsur-unsur pemikiran pasca Islamisme dalam gerakan Islam di Malaysia. Kajian ini merupakan kajian kualitatif. Kaedah pengumpulan data menggunakan metode analisis dokumen terhadap jurnal, artikel, tesis, buku dan karya sarjana yang membicarakan tentang pasca Islamisme dan perkembangan gerakan Islam seluruh dunia. Manakala, analisis data menggunakan metode deskriptif dan metode sejarah menerusi analisis kandungan. Dapatan kajian merumuskan bahawa bukan sahaja gerakan Islam di Timur Tengah dan Asia Barat menerima pemikiran pasca Islamisme, tetapi gerakan-gerakan Islam di Malaysia juga turut terkesan dengan perkembangan pasca Islamisme.

ABSTRACT
Post-Islamism is a new trend that emerged in the work of political Islam after the emergence of Islamism in line with the demands of the democracy requirements. Thus, most of the Islamic movements worldwide give different interpretations of the concept of the Islamic state, the issue of implementing Islamic law and cooperation between the non-Muslims. The development of this trend began to produce the Islamists who support opinionated approach to post-Islamism in political Islam, including among Islamic movements in the country. The objective of this study is to analyze the elements of post-Islamism thought in the Islamic movement in Malaysia. This study is qualitative. The method of collecting data using document analysis from journals, articles, theses, books and works of scholars who talk about the development of post-Islamism and the Islamist movement worldwide. Meanwhile, data analysis using descriptive and historical approach through content analysis. The study concluded that not only Islamic movements in the Middle East and West Asia receive thinking post-Islamism, but Islamic movements in Malaysia was also impressed with the development of post-Islamism.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ayoob, Mohammed. 2005. The future of political islam: The importance of external variables. International Affairs 81(5): 951-961.

Bayat, Asef. 1996. The coming of post-islamist society. Journal Critical Middle East Studies: 43-52.

Bayat, Asef. 2005. What is post-islamism. ISIM Review 16: 5.

Bayat, Asef. 2007. Islam and Democracy: What is the Real Question. Leiden: Amsterdam University Press. Isim paper 8.

Bayat, Asef. 2013a. The making of post-Islamist Iran. Dlm. A. Bayat (pnyt.). Post-Islamism The Changing Faces of Political Islam, hlm. 35-70. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bayat, Asef. 2013b. Post-Islamis at large. Dlm. A. Bayat (pnyt.). Post-Islamism The Changing Faces of Political Islam, hlm. 3-32. New York: Oxford University Press.

Faiz Mukmin. 2014. Pasca Islamisme dalam PAS: Analisa terhadap kesan tahalluf siyasi. Bangi, Selangor: Prosiding kolokium Antarabangsa Siswazah Pengajian Islam (kASPI), 667673.

Felker, G. 1999. Malaysia in 1998: A cornered tigers bares its claws. Asian Survey 42(1): 4354.

Haris Zalkapli. 2012. Kebangkitan gerakan Islam dalam fenomena arab spring. Kuala Lumpur: Jundi Resources. Http://www.academia.edu/3812208/Paper _Fenomena_Arab_Spring [20

Jun 2015].

Ihsan Dagi. 2013. Post-islamism a la turca. Dlm. A. Bayat (pnyt.). Post Islamism The Changing Faces of Political Islam, hlm. 71-108. New York: Oxford University Press.

Manfreda, P. 2011. Definition of the arab spring. Human rights, civil liberties and democracy movements. Http://middleeast.about.com/od/humanrightsdemocracy/Definition-Of-TheArab-Spring. Html [20 Jun 2015].

Mashitah bin Sulaiman. 2004. Islam dan pembinaan peradaban Turki moden melalui proses politik. Tesis Dr Fal, Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Malaya.

Maszlee Malik. 2016. Pasca Islamisme atau Wacana Baru Gerakan Islam. Generasi kedua Politikal Islam: Wacana Baru Gerakan Islam. Jil. 1. Petaling Jaya, Selangor: Ilham Books.

Mohd Safar Hasim. 2015. Arab Spring atau Arab Nightmares: Antara Hakikat dan Persepsi kebangkitan Arab. Arab Spring Faktor dan Impak. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan

Malaysia.

Mohd Izani. 2014. Mendepani Cabaran Politik Muslim. Utusan Malaysia, 21 Jun.

Roy Oliver. 1996. The Failure of the Political Islam. United Stated: Harvad University Press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


  ISSN: 1985-6830

eISSN: 2550-2271

JURNAL HADHARI
Institut Islam Hadhari
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
43600 UKM Bangi
Selangor, MALAYSIA.


Phone: +603-8921 6988/6994
Fax: +603-8921 6990
Email: pghiih@ukm.edu.my

Web: ejournals.ukm.my/jhadhari