ETHICS OF CONSUMPTION (Etika Penggunaan)

Mashitoh Yaacob, Zubaidah Mohd Nasir, W. Syairah Hazwani W. Petra

Abstract


ABSTRACT

This paper is based primarily on quantitative data from an actual study in discussing: (a) the consumption ethics of Muslims in Bandar Baru Bangi (BBB) Malaysia township, i.e., a recently crowned as ‘knowledge city’ and (b) the contextual aspects that encourage or discourage the Muslims to consume ethically. The ethical consumption behavior measured is categorized into two categories: (a) pre-cycling and (b) recycling & reusing, while the contextual aspect measured is categorized into four categories: (a) social; (b) religion; (c) economy and (d) politic. A quantitative methodology, i.e., survey questionnaire, was employed to tap information on the consumption ethics of Muslims in BBB as well as on the influence of the contextual aspects. Hence, the questionnaire was distributed to 563 Muslims in BBB, and 178 of them responded. Reliability and validity tests of 21 items, 5 scales each, were conducted using SPSS Version 19. Cronbach’s Alpha value obtained shows the reliability of the items are high (0.907) and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) measure of sampling adequacy is 0.825. The test of validity shows rotated component matrix in two components which all items loaded above 0.30 and each item loaded with its proposed constructs. Frequency analysis was conducted to identify the frequency of ethical consumption behavior performed by respondents and the influence level of contextual aspects on the respondents’ ethical consumption behavior. For pre-cycling behavior the majority of respondents (50.6%) performed ‘sometimes’ and ‘rarely’ while for the reusing and recycling behavior 46.3% of the respondents performed ‘always’ and ‘most of the time’. Almost 60.0% of the respondents stated that contextual aspects have a ‘very strong’ and ‘strong’ influence on their ethical consumption behavior’s decision making. Pearson correlation demonstrates that the two categories of ethical consumption behavior have a positive correlation and statistically significant with all four categories of contextual aspects (either p<0.01 or p<0.05).

ABSTRAK

Kertas kerja ini adalah berdasarkan kepada data kuantitatif daripada kajian sebenar dalam membincangkan: (a) etika penggunaan umat Islam di Bandar Baru Bangi (BBB) Malaysia yang baru-baru ini dinobatkan sebagai 'bandar ilmu' dan (b) aspek kontekstual yang menggalakkan atau tidak menggalakkan umat Islam untuk menggunakan secara beretika. Tingkah laku etika penggunaan yang diukur, dikategorikan kepada dua kategori: (a) pra-kitar dan (b) kitar semula & guna semula, manakala aspek kontekstual yang diukur dikategorikan kepada empat kategori: (a) sosial; (B) agama; (C) ekonomi dan (d) politik. Kaedah metodologi kuantitatif, iaitu, soal selidik digunakan untuk mendapat maklumat berkaitan etika penggunaan umat Islam di BBB dan juga pengaruh kepada aspek kontekstual. Oleh itu, borang soal selidik diedarkan kepada 563 umat Islam di BBB, dan 178 daripada mereka memberi maklum balas. Ujian kebolehpercayaan dan kesahan daripada 21 item yang setiap satunya mempunyai 5 skala, telah dijalankan menggunakan perisian SPSS versi 19.0. Nilai Alpha Cronbach yang diperoleh menunjukkan kebolehpercayaan item adalah tinggi (0.907) dan Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) yang mengukur kemampuan persampelan adalah 0.825. Ujian kesahan menunjukkan rotated component matriks dalam dua komponen di mana semua item yang dimuatkan melebihi 0.30 dan setiap item berada dalam konstruk yang dicadangkan. Analisis frekuensi dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti kekerapan tingkah laku penggunaan beretika yang dilakukan oleh responden dan tahap pengaruh aspek kontekstual kepada tingkah laku penggunaan beretika responden. Majoriti responden (50.6%) menunjukkan 'kadang-kadang' dan 'jarang' untuk tingkah laku pra-kitar manakala 46.3% daripada responden menunjukkan 'selalu' dan 'kebanyakan masa bagi tingkah laku guna semula dan kitar semula. Hampir 60.0% daripada responden menyatakan bahawa aspek kontekstual mempunyai pengaruh yang 'sangat kuat' dan 'kuat' dalam membuat keputusan tingkah laku penggunaan beretika mereka. Korelasi Pearson menunjukkan bahawa kedua-dua kategori tingkah laku penggunaan beretika mempunyai hubungan yang positif dan signifikan secara statistik dengan keempat-empat kategori aspek kontekstual (sama ada p <0.01 atau p <0.05).


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