WASATIYYAH: GAGASAN PENDEKATAN ISLAM HADHARI (Wasatiyyah: The Way Forward for Islam Hadhari)

Mohd Yusof Hj. Othman, Zakaria Stapa, Jawiah Dakir, Mashitoh Yaacob

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penubuhan Institut Islam Hadhari dalam tahun 2007 di Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia dengan kewujudan Kursi Syeikh Abdullah Fahim merupakan iltizam Kerajaan Malaysia dan universiti untuk: (a) membangunkan aktiviti penyelidikan dalam bidang Peradaban Islam, dan (b) mensepadukan pemikiran nilai-nilai Islam yang dicadangkan oleh Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, Perdana Menteri Malaysia ke-4 dalam Wawasan 2020 sebagai agenda pembangunan negara bangsa. Pemikiran Pendekatan Islam Hadhari yang telah digagaskan oleh Perdana Menteri Malaysia yang ke-5 Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, adalah untuk mengukuhkan lagi Wawasan 2020 yang diperkenalkan sebelumnya. Sebagai tambahannya, Perdana Menteri Malaysia yang ke-6, Dato’ Seri Najib Tun Abdul Razak, telah memperkenalkan konsep Wasatiyyah di perasmian Konvensyen Pendekatan Wasatiyyah sebagai asas dalam mewujudkan konsep 1Malaysia. Artikel ini, membincanglan kepentingan pendekatan Wasatiyyah: (a) dalam Konsep Pendekatan Islam Hadhari, dan (b) dalam berhadapan dengan pendekatan sekular yang ekstrem di Barat. Agama, budaya dan hujah subjektif tidak ada tempatnya dalam membangunkan peradaban berasaskan sistem sekular. Sedangkan dalam pendekatan Wasatiyyah, penekanan diberikan kepada pengetahuan objektif dan subjektif dalam menghasilkan insan yang adil, moderat dan seimbang dalam seluruh aspek sosialnya, yakni dalam kehidupan di dunia dan Akhirat, dalam kehidupan yang unggul dan realiti, ilmu aqli dan naqli. Moderation atau kesederhanaan sebagaimana yang difahami oleh Barat tidak sama dengan konsep Wasatiyyah sebagaimana yang difahami dalam Islam.

ABSTRACT

The establishment of Institute of Islam Hadhari in 2007 at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia with Sheikh Abdullah Fahim Chair is a commitment of the Government of Malaysia and the university to: (a) develop research activities in Islamic civilization, and (b) integrate the idea of inculcating Islamic values proposed by Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia, in the agenda of nation building. The idea of Islam Hadhari associates with the fifth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, is to further strengthening the Vision 2020 introduced by Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. Additionally, the sixth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dato’ Seri Najib Tun Abdul Razak, introduced the concept of Wasatiyyah in his opening speech at Convention of Wasatiyyah as a mean to establish 1Malaysia concept. In this paper, we discuss the importance of Wasatiyyah (or moderation) approach: (a) within the concept of Islam Hadhari, and (b) in facing the extreme western secular approach. There is no place for religious, cultural, and subjective arguments in the secular-based development. But in Wasatiyyah approach, the emphasis is on objective and subjective knowledge that will produce a just, moderate, and balance human beings in all aspect of societal life, i.e., between worldly and hereafter needs, ideal and reality, acquired and revealed knowledges. Moderation as perceived by the western society is not similar to the concept of Wasatiyyah, as in the concept of Wasatiyyah, God is considered as a focal and prime point in nation building while the concept of moderation emphasizes on the right of individual over the right of society as a whole.


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  ISSN: 1985-6830

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JURNAL HADHARI
Institut Islam Hadhari
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
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