MASALAH DISIPLIN MURID ISLAM: STRATEGI DAN PENYELESAIAN TERHADAP KURIKULUM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM (Discipline Problem of the Muslim Student: Strategies and Solution to the Islamic Education Curriculum)

Muhammad Faizal A. Ghani, Norfariza Mohd Radzi, Husaina Banu Kenayathulla, Saedah Siraj, Faisol Elman, Maszuria A.Ghani, Amalina Ayub

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Kajian ini dilaksanakan untuk mengenal pasti jangkaan masa depan mengenai masalah disiplin murid Islam dalam aspek amalan beragama dan strategi penyelesaian dalam aspek proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran kurikulum Pendidikan Islam. Untuk menjawab objektif tersebut, data dikutip menggunakan kajian Delphi sebanyak tiga sesi pusingan. Peserta kajian adalah dalam kalangan sepuluh orang pakar dalam bidang kepimpinan sekolah. Pada sesi pusingan pertama, data dikutip menggunakan kaedah temu bual. Dapatan temu bual tersebut telah membentuk item soal selidik bagi kegunaan Delphi sesi pusingan kedua dan ketiga. Data temu bual dianalisis menggunakan pendekatan tematik. Manakala, data soal selidik menggunakan 

kaedah statistik deskriptif iaitu median dan Julat Antara Kuartil (JAK). Kajian
ini memperoleh tahap kesepakatan pakar yang tinggi untuk menyetujui setiap
item apabila skor median melebihi 4 dan JAK kurang daripada 1. Dapatan kajian
menemui jangkaan masalah disiplin murid Islam dalam aspek amalan beragama
dengan bilangan tema dan subtema seperti berikut iaitu akhlak sebanyak 3 item, amalan membaca al-Quran (3 item), amalan solat (3 item), kesedaran terhadap hukum hakam (5 item), aktiviti bersosial (3 item) dan penggunaan bahan tegahan (3 item). Manakala, jangkaan strategi penyelesaian kepada masalah disiplin murid Islam dalam aspek pengajaran dan pembelajaran kurikulum Pendidikan Islam dengan bilangan tema dan subtema seperti berikut iaitu akhlak sebanyak 7 item, amalan membaca al-Quran (6 item), amalan solat (5 item), kefahaman terhadap hukum hakam (5 item), aktiviti bersosial (3 item) dan penggunaan bahan tegahan (4 item). Implikasi kajian ini adalah perlunya mengambil kira pandangan individu bergelar pakar dalam bidang tertentu dalam proses pembuatan keputusan.

ABSTRACT
This study was undertaken to identify future expectations regarding student discipline problems in terms of religious practices and strategic solutions concerning and learning the Islamic Education curriculum. To achieve these objectives, data were collected using a Delphi study of a three-round session among ten experts in the field of School Leadership. In the first round, the data were collected using a structured interview. The findings of these interviews formed the questionnaire items to be used in the second and third rounds of the Delphi study. The interview data were analyzed using thematic analysis. However, the questionnaire data were analyzed using descriptive statistics that involved median and Inter Quartile Range (IQR). The study found a high level of expert consensus approving each item when the median score was above 4 and JAK less than 1. The findings on future expectations regarding discipline problems among Muslim students in terms of their religious practices that categorized by theme and sub-themes are as follows: morality 3 items, the practice of reading the Quran (3 items), the practice of prayer (3 items),
awareness of the tenets (5 items), social activities (3 items) and the use of exclusion (3 items). However, future expectations for problem solving strategies in terms of teaching and learning the Islamic Education curriculum are as follows: morality 7 items, the practice of reading the Quran (6 items), the practice of prayer (5 items), the understanding of tenets (5 items), social activities (3 items) and the use of  exclusion (4 items). The implication of this study is a need to take into account the views of the individual considered to be an expert in the decision-making process.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Hafiz Mat Tuah, Zakaria Stapa & Ahmad Munawar. 2013. Memperkasakan jati diri Melayu-Muslim menerusi pendidikan Islam dalam pengajaran akhlak. Jurnal Hadhari

Special Edition 2012: 23-35.

Anderson, C., Avery, P. G., Pederson, P. V., Smith, E. S., & Sullivan, J. L. 2013. Divergent perspectives on citizenship education: A Q-method study and survey of social studies

teachers. American Educational Research Journal 34(2): 333-364.

Aminuddin Ruskam al-Dawamy & Siti Nur Huda Sulaiman. 2010. Persepsi pelajar tentang kejadian jenayah terhadap kanak-kanak. http://eprints.utm.my/11550/1/Persepsi_Pelajar_

Tentang_ Kejadian_Jenayah_Terhadap_Kanak.pdf [12 Mac 2015].

Bennett, W. 2012. The place to harvest patriots. School-Administrator 55(5): 38-40.

Bowen, N. K., & Bowen, G. L. 2009. Effects of crime and violence in neighborhoods and schools on the school behavior and performance of adolescents. Journal of Adolescent

Research 14: 319-342.

Brodinsky, B. 2013. Student Discipline: Problems and Solutions. Artington: American Association of School Administration.

Cloud, H. & Townsend, J. 1992. Boundaries. Zondervan: Grand Rapids.

Cotton, K. 2001. Schoolwide and Classroom Discipline, School Improvement Research Series. Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory: U.S.

C. Zurayk. 1966. The Refinement of Character. Beirut: American University pf Beirut Centennial Publications.

Department of Education England (DfE). 2012. School exclusion statistics 2009/2010. http://www.education.gov.uk [21 Mac 2015].

Ding, G. K. C. (2008). Sustainable construction: The role of environmental assessment tools. Journal of Environment Management 86: 451-464.

Englander, M. E. 2008. The Strategies for Classroom Discipline. School Improvement Research Series: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.

Feitler, F., & Tokar, E. 2012. Getting a handle on teacher stress: how bad is the problem? Educational Leadership 96(4): 456-458.

al-Ghazali. 1998. Ihya ’Ulum al-Din. Kuala Lumpur: Victory Agency.

Hardy, D. J., O’Brien, A. P., Gaskin, C. J., O’Brien, A. J., Morrission-Ngatai, E., Skews, G., Ryan, T., & McNulty, N. 2004. Practical application of Delphi technique in bicultural mental

health nursing study in New Zealand. Journal of Advanced Nursing 46(1): 95-109.

Hasnan Kasan. 2008. Akhlak Pelajar Cemerlang. Kuala Terengganu: Majlis Agama Islam dan Adat Melayu Terengganu.

Hassan al-Banna. 2003. Himpunan Risalah al-Banna. Kuala Lumpur: Pustaka Salam.

Kamal Hassan. 1986. Penyerapan Unsur-Unsur Islam Melalui Sistem Pendidikan Negara: Isu Pendidikan di Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Kennedy, K. J. 2014. New Challenges for Civics and Citizenship. Australia: ACSA.

Khaidzir Ismail. 2007. Profil remaja perempuan risiko tinggi. http://ms.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Kajian _ profil_remaja_perempuan_risiko_tinggi_-_UKM [12 Mac 2015].

Kyriacou, C., & Martin, J. L. O. 2010. Beginning secondary school teachers’ perceptions of pupil misbehaviour in Spain. Teacher Development 14: 415-426.

Laporan Dewan Negara. 2013. http://www.kkmm. gov.my/ pdf/Parlimen/ 2016/DewanNegara/KandunganKomunikasi/160519_Etika%20Wartawan.pdf [21 Mac 2015].

Loo, R. 2002. The Delphi method: A powerful tool for strategic management. Policing and International Journal of Police Strategies and Management 25(4): 762-769.

Lowell, C., & Gallup, A. M. 2012. Gallup poll of the public’s attitude towards the public schools. Phi Delta Kappan 84(1): 41-56.

Marzita Abdullah. 2003. Bebas samseng – kelulusan, pengalaman pengetua bukan penentu. Portal Pendidikan Utusan, 9 September. http://www.tutor.com.my [21 Mac 2015].

Marzuki Yusoff. 2005. Disiplin pelajar: Kadangkala berpunca daripada guru. Portal Pendidikan Utusan, 30 September 2003. http://www.tutor.com.my [21 Mac 2015].

Muhammad Faizal A. Ghani. 2012. The practices of effective schools in the selected excellent Asian schools: A comparative study. Global Business and Economics Research Journal

(1): 32-44.

Mohd Nasir Omar. 1998. Christian & Muslim Ethics: A study of how to attain happiness as reflected in the works on Tahdhib al-akhlaq. Hamdard Islamicus XXIII(3): 53-57.

National Institute of Education. 2012. The Safe School Study. Washington, DC: US Department of Health, Education and Welfare.

O’Neill, S., & Stephenson, J. 2012. Classroom behavior magement content in Australian undergraduate primary teaching programmes. Teaching Education 23: 287-308.

Powell, C. 2003. The Delphi technique: Myths and realities. Journal of Advanced Nursing 41(4): 376-382.

al-Qaradawi, Yusuf. 1985. Iman dan Kehidupan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Pustaka Fajar.

Roslee Ahmad, Mohamed Sharif Mustaffa, Sulaiman Shakib Mohd Noor & Ahmad Jazimin Jusoh. 2010. Pendekatan kaunseling Islam untuk menanggani masalah tingkah laku

seksual pelajar. Suatu konsep pemikiran. http://www.academia.edu/1842234/ [12 Mac 2015].

Said Hawwa. 2009. Jund Allah Thaqafat Wa Akhlaqa. Edisi ke-9. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub alIlmiyyat.

Shen, J. 2009. Chinese elementary school teachers’ perceptions of students’ classroom behavioural problems’. Educational Psychology 29: 187-201.

Shen, J., Xianchen, L. & Hiroshi, K. 2000. Behavioural and emotional problems in Chinese children: Teacher reports for ages 6 to 11. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines 41: 101-116.

Sheldon, S. B., & Epstein, J. L. 2013. Improving student behavior and school discipline with family and community involvement. Education and Urban Society 35(4): 1-24. http://eus.

sagepub.com/content/35/1/4.full.pdf+html [7 Februari 2015].

Steward, J., O’Halloran, C., Harrigan, P., & Spencer, J. A. 2009. Identifying appropriate tasks for the preregistration year: Modified Delphi Technique. British Medical Journal 319(7204)

-229. http://bmj.bmjjourbnals.com/cgi/content/abstract/319/7204/224 [23 Mac 2013].

Suzalie Mohamad. 2003. Memahami Isu-isu Pendidikan Islam di Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Institut Kefahaman Islam Malaysia.

Syed Muhammad al Naquib Ali al-Attas. 2011. Historical Fact and Fiction. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: UTM Press.

Teh, M. K., 2013. Best practices for student misconduct on six continents: Singapore. Dlm. C. J. Russo, I. J. Oosthuizen & C. C Wolhuter (pnyt.). Best Practices for Student Misconduct

on Six Continents. Littlefield and Roman: New York.

Turoff, M. 2006. Personal communication. Dlm. Novakowski, N., & Wellar, B. Using the Delphi Technique in Normative Planning Research: Methodological Design Considerations.

Environment Research Association. ERIC document ED104201[25 Mac 2013].

Van der Walt, B. J. 2007. Transforming Power: Challenging Contemporary Secular Society. Institute for Contemporary Christianity in Africa: Potchefstroom.

Walker, P. 2014. Student misconduct in the United Kingdom. Dlm. C. J. Russo, I. J. O. Oosthuizen & C. C. Wolhuter (pnyt.). Best Practices for Student Misconduct on Six Continents. New York: Littlefield and Rowman.

Wan Norasiah Wan Ismail. 2003. Akhlak Remaja di FELDA Ulu Belitong, Kluang Johor: Kajian Tentang Masalah. Disertasi sarjana yang tidak diterbitkan. Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti

Malaya.

Ziauddin Sardar. 2008. The Future of Muslim Civilization. Kuala Lumpur: Pelanduk Publications.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


  ISSN: 1985-6830

eISSN: 2550-2271

JURNAL HADHARI
Institut Islam Hadhari
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
43600 UKM Bangi
Selangor, MALAYSIA.


Phone: +603-8921 6988/6994
Fax: +603-8921 6990
Email: pghiih@ukm.edu.my

Web: ejournals.ukm.my/jhadhari