الآليات الإقليمية لحماية حقوق الإنسان في الاتفاقية الأوروبية و الأمريكية (The Regional Mechanisms for the Protection of Human Rights in the European and the American Convention)

Ali Omar Moftan Medom, Mohamed Sabri Haron, Abdul Rahim Ahmed

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Kajian ini menyentuh tentang mekanisme serantau bagi memelihara hak asasi manusia dalam perjanjian Eropah dan Amerika. Permasalahan kajian adalah kerana wujudnya pertikaian positif yang terhasil daripada kedua-dua perjanjian tersebut. Objektif kajian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan mekanisme terpenting yang terdapat di dalam kedua-duanya. Bagi merealisasikan objektif tersebut, metode analisis digunapakai. Tulisan ini diakhiri dengan kesimpulan yang menerangkan dapatan terpenting yang diperoleh, yang antaranya ialah bahawa kelahiran beberapa pertubuhan serantau mempunyai kesan yang amat besar bagi meneguh dan memelihara hak asasi manusia di seluruh dunia, kerana perjanjian Eropah dan Amerika telah dijadikan asas serta dasar bagi hak asasi manusia. Pertubuhan-pertubuhan ini telah mewujudkan mekanisme tertentu bagi menjamin hak asasi dan kebebasan tersebut sebagaimana dinyatakan di dalam kedua-dua perjanjian itu, yang mungkin berbeza daripada sudut ayat yang digunakan, namun semuanya menuju kepada matlamat yang sama iaitu memelihara dan meneguhkan hak asasi manusia.

ABSTRACT

This research deals with the regional mechanisms to protect human rights in the European and the American Convention. The research problem refers to the positive controversy between them and the aim of this research is to clarify the most important mechanisms in the two conventions. The researcher has adopted the analytical method to achieve this aim. Moreover, the research ended with a conclusion that summarizes the most important results that have been reached which are the emergence of the regional organizations that have an intense impact in the promotion and protection of human rights around the world where it was adopted the European and American Convention of the human rights. These organizations have established certain mechanisms that ensure the rights and freedoms that are set forth within. All the mechanisms aimed at the protection and promotion of human rights despite the difference between them.


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References


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  ISSN: 1985-6830

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JURNAL HADHARI
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