KEWUJUDAN HADIS ISYARAT DALAM SUNAN al-TIRMIDHI (The Existence of Indicative Hadis in Sunan al-Tirmidhi)

Mohammad Fattah, Latifah Abdul Majid, Ahmad Asmadi Sakat

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Kepakaran Imam al-Tirmidhi dalam mengumpul hadis Nabi SAW terserlah apabila beliau menggunakan perkataan wa fi al-Bab (dalam tajuk ini terdapat riwayat) bagi perawi daripada kalangan sahabat. Hadis-hadis yang diisyaratkan ini tidak banyak mendapat perhatian para ulama terutama mengenai fungsi dan manfaatnya bagi mengukuh hadis yang disebut secara jelas dalam satu bab. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mendedahkan kewujudan hadis-hadis isyarat tersebut dalam pelbagai kitab hadis terutama dalam al-Kutub al-Sittah dan menentukan fungsinya samada sebagai mutabi atau shahid. Metode yang digunapakai dalam kajian ini adalah kajian kepustakaan yang memfokuskan kepada analisis dokumen menerusi kaedah takhrij tafsili yang mengambil sampel bab puasa dalam Sunan al-Tirmidhi. Kajian mendapati bahawa dalam perbahasan mengenai bab berkenaan terdapat empat puluh enam (46) sub bab yang mengandungi hadis isyarat. Di dalamnya terdapat seratus tujuh puluh lapan (178) hadis yang diisyaratkan oleh beliau. Dari empat puluh enam bab itu, terdapat tiga puluh lima (35) bab memiliki hadis-hadis isyarat dengan status sahih, satu (1) bab dengan status hasan, dua (2) bab sebagai hadis hasan gharib dan lapan (8) bab dengan status daif. Sememangnya dalam kitab Sunan al-Tirmidhi terdapat hadis-hadis yang diisyarat, malahan jumlahnya hampir menyamai bilangan hadis al-Musarrah (hadis yang diletakkan di dalam setiap sub bab berserta sanad dan matan). Perkara ini menunjukkan bahawa Imam al-Tirmidhi memberikan peluang kepada umat Islam dari kalangan ulama, pelajar dan orang awam (pembaca kitabnya) untuk menerokai khazanah Sunnah Rasululllah SAW dan mengukuhkan lagi fungsi hadis isyarat sebagai mutabaat

ABSTRACT

The expertise of al-Tirmidhi in collecting the Prophetic tradition has been proven when he used the term wa fi al-Bab (in this topic there is hadis) according to narrators among the companions. However, these indicative hadis were failed to receive adequate attention of the scholars and primarily about its functions and benefits to strengthening any hadis which explicitly mentioned in the chapter. Therefore this study aims to reveal the existence of indicative hadis by al-Tirmidhi in various books of hadis to determine its function. The study found in the chapter on al-sawm (fasting), there are forty-six (46) sub chapters which contain (178) indicative hadis, and the values are; thirty-five (35) sub chapters had sahih (sound), one (1) had hasan (good), two (2) had hasan gharib (good and scarce), and eight (8) sub chapters in da‘if status (weak). The study also found the existence of indicative hadis in Sunan al-Tirmidhi serve as mutabi‘at (parralelism), and shawahid (witnesses). Hence, the implications of this study shows that those indicative hadis in the book of Sunan al-Tirmidhi are deemed utilizable as most of them are having the status of acceptable (maqbul). This study contribute significantly in the future exploration of the numerous indicative hadis found in other chapters as they are deemed as important evidence in the execution of the Islamic law who serves as mutaba'at.



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