WAHDAT AL-WUJUD DAN KEWALIAN MENURUT SAID NURSI MENERUSI KARYANYA RISALE-I NUR (Wahdat al-Wujud and Sainthood According to Said Nursi’s View Through his Work Risale-i Nur)

Muhammad Faiz Khalid, Ibnor Azli Ibrahim

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Wahdat al-Wujud dan kewalian adalah di antara beberapa isu penting yang berkaitan dengan tasawuf dan tarekat. Ketika Islam semakin tersebar ke seluruh penjuru dunia cabaran terhadap kemurnian ajaran Islam pun semakin besar ketika ia bercampur dengan budaya setempat dan semakin dangkalnya pemahaman umat terhadap Islam. Dalam suasana seperti ini muncul Bediuzzaman Said Nursi (1877-1960M) seorang mujaddid (pembaharu) dari Turki yang berusaha membetulkan pemahaman terhadap isu tersebut dengan mengajak umat Islam berpedoman kepada al-Quran dan al-Hadis dalam segala amalan, keyakinan dan ibadah harian mereka. Kajian ini menjelaskan pandangan Said Nursi terhadap wahdat al-wujud dan kewalian sesuai dengan panduan syariah Islam menerusi karya agungnya Risale-i Nur. Kajian memaparkan pendekatan Said Nursi yang moderat dalam membetulkan pemahaman terhadap konsep wahdat al-Wujud dan kewalian secara ilmiah dan penuh hikmah. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kualitatif menerusi instrumen kajian kepustakaan terhadap Risale-i Nur dan juga kajian perbandingan dengan pemikiran ulama tasawuf lain sama ada ulama terdahulu mahupun ulama semasa. Hasil kajian ini mendapati bahawa Said Nursi menilai fahaman wahdat al-Wujud dan kewalian secara seimbang disertai dengan kritikan yang membina. Beliau tidak menyalahkan atau mendakwanya sebagai satu ajaran songsang atau pemikiran yang menyimpang sebaliknya beliau memberikan konsep dan pemahaman yang betul sesuai dengan al-Quran dan Sunnah Rasulullah SAW.

ABSTRACT

Wahdat al-Wujud and Sainthood are important issues which associate with Sufism and Sufi path (Tariqa). When Islam spreads all over the world the challenges of the purity in Islamic teachings become complicated when it contacts with the local culture and increasingly shallows the understanding of Islam. In this situation Bediuzzaman Said Nursi (1877-1960) emerges as an Islamic revivalist of Turkey who tries to correct the understanding of these issues and calls Muslims to adhere with Quran and Hadith in all practices, beliefs and their daily worship. This study describes Said Nursi’s view on wahdat al-Wujud and Sainthood in accordance with the guidelines of Islamic laws through his work, Risale-i Nur. This study shows the moderation of Nursi's approach to correct the understanding of wahdat al-Wujud and Sainthood scientifically and wisely. This study uses qualitative method through literature research on Risale-i Nur and comparative studies with other thoughts of classic and contemporary scholars. The findings of this study state that Said Nursi assesses wahdat al-Wujud and Sainthood objectively and with constructive criticism. He does not blame or claim them as inverted teachings or distorted thoughts, instead he elaborates these concepts with  correct understanding according to the guidelines of the Quran and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. 



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  ISSN: 1985-6830

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