CABARAN INTEGRASI ANTARA KAUM DI MALAYSIA: PERSPEKTIF MEDIA, PERTUBUHAN BUKAN KERAJAAN DAN PARTI POLITIK (Race Integration Challenge in Malaysia: Perspective of Media, Non-Governmental Organizations and Political Parties)

Mohd Ridhuan Tee Abdullah

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Kajian berkaitan dengan integrasi perpaduan kaum di Malaysia agak kompleks. Ini kerana, sosialisasi politik yang dilalui oleh setiap kaum amat bersifat perkauman. Agen- agen seperti sejarah, pendidikan, media, parti politik dan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan amat kuat mencengkam budaya politik setiap kaum. Akhirnya, lahirlah setiap bangsa yang memperjuangkan kepentingan masing-masing. Bukti-bukti ini diperolehi melalui tinjauan yang dibuat ke atas kajian-kajian lalu sebelum ini. Keadaan tidak banyak berubah sehingga ke hari ini. Kajian ini bertujuan menilai sejauh mana pengaruh agen-agen sosialisasi politik seperti media, pertubuhan bukan kerajaan dan parti politik yang dilalui meninggalkan kesan terhadap hubungan antara kaum. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa sosialisasi politik perkauman melahirkan sentimen perkauman yang tinggi. Integrasi perpaduan masih lagi samar. Realitinya, sentimen perkauman masih kuat mencengkam budaya politik masyarakat berbilang kaum.

ABSTRACT

Research on integration and unity among races in Malaysia is quite complex. These are due the facts that the political socialization agents process i.e. history, education, social, economy and politic, are race oriented. Every race fights for their owned interest. Most of the past researchs have shown that the racial sentiments in Malaysia were tensed. This research aimed to analyst the influence of political socialization agents, media, non- governmental organizations and political parties, towards the ethnic relations. Findings show that the agents contribute to the high level of polarization. Integration among races is only a hope. In reality, racial sentiment still a major problems in this country.


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