AL-GHAZALI’S PARENTING SKILLS ATTRIBUTES MODEL (Model Atribut Kemahiran Keibubapaan al-Ghazali)

Jamiah Manap, Sidek Baba

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Parenting skills is the basis of effective education and human potential development in family. Early education which begins at home is like stonework more impressive and everlasting. This is then followed by continuous guidance during adolescent and adulthood from the parents. Meanwhile, Imam al-Ghazali is a Muslim scholar which also discusses certain aspects of parenting skills. His multidiscipline works range from the field of religion to education, psychology, spirituality and philosophy. Thus, al-Ghazali’s Parenting Skill’s Attributes Model was developed as a basis to understand parenting from al-Ghazali’s perspectives. The model encompassed four main element of Muslim parenting: knowledge and education, relationship with Allah, relationship with children and relationship with others. Each domain was inter- related in empowering and completing the challenging task of today’s parenting. In summary, effective parenting skills is a must in developing strong, beneficial and mindful generation. In the meantime, multiple approaches should be critically analysed to enrich the corpus of knowledge in this field.

ABSTRAK

Kemahiran keibubapaan asas keberkesanan pendidikan dan pembentukan potensi modal insan dalam keluarga. Pendidikan awal kanak-kanak yang bermula di rumah umpama pahatan pada batu yang bersifat lebih kekal dan mengesankan. Ini diikuti dengan pengukuhan watak dan keperibadian melalui bimbingan  yang berterusan pada peringkat usia remaja dan dewasa oleh ibu bapa. Imam al-Ghazali merupakan sarjana Islam yang turut mengkaji tentang aspek kemahiran keibubapaan. Karya- karya tersohor beliau melangkaui pelbagai bidang seperti psikologi, pendidikan, spiritual  dan  falsafah.  Rentetan  itu,  Model  Kemahiran  Keibubapaan  al-Ghazali telah dibangunkan sebagai asas untuk memahami kemahiran keibubapaan daripada perspektif Imam al-Ghazali. Model ini mengandungi empat domain utama iaitu ilmu, hubungan ibu bapa dengan Allah, hubungan ibu bapa dengan anak dan hubungan ibu bapa dengan yang lain-lain. Setiap domain saling berhubung antara satu sama lain dalam memperkasa dan menyempurnakan tugasan keibubapaan yang kian mencabar. Kesimpulannya, kemahiran keibubapaan berkesan perlu dikuasai oleh segenap lapisan masyarakat dalam kerangka pembentukan generasi yang terpuji lagi dirahmati. Dalam masa yang sama, pelbagai pendekatan perlu dikaji dan diteliti untuk memperkayakan lagi korpus ilmu dalam bidang ini.


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