BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION STRATEGY IN MALAYSIA: A REVIEW FROM AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE (Strategi Pemuliharaan Biodiversiti di Malaysia: Satu Pandangan dari Sudut Islam)

Mohd. Azlan J. Abdul Gulam Azad

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The  rapid  decline  of  world’s  biodiversit y  and  increasing  need  of natural resources to accommodate the growing population suggest that the current western philosophy of conservation biolog y is not achieving its mission and objective as expected in Southeast Asia. The existing religious tools and channels for conservation should be seriously considered. There is a high potential in achieving high standards of conservation biolog y if management of natural resources adheres to the fundamental principles of Islam in Malaysia. However religious approaches are mainly limited to Islamic norms and treated independently in many parts of Southeast Asia, including Malaysia. Therefore there is an urgent need to synergize Islamic concepts in conservation biolog y with the existing governance system. It is believed if Islamic concepts are genuinely practised and amalgamated into the existing implementation and governance structure in conservation biolog y, the future for biodiversit y in this region will be bright.

ABSTRAK

Ancaman serta pengurangan biodiversiti dunia sejajar dengan keperluan tinggi untuk sumber alam semulajadi terutamanya untuk menampung penduduk yang semakin meningkat, menunjukkan bahawa falsafah serta ideologi barat biologi pemuliharaan  tidak  mencapai  misi  dan  objektif  seperti  yang  diharapkan  di Asia Tenggara. Kemudahan dan saluran agama Islam yang sedia ada untuk pemuliharaan  perlu  dipertimbangkan secara  serius.  Malaysia  mempunyai potensi yang tinggi dalam mencapai standard biologi pemuliharaan yang tinggi sekiranya  pengurusan  sumber  asli  berpegang  teguh  kepada  prinsip-prinsip asas Islam. Walau bagaimanapun, pendekatan agama kebiasaannya terhad kepada norma-norma Islam harian dan diasingkan dari sistem pentadbiran awam di kebanyakan negara di   Asia Tenggara, termasuk Malaysia. Justeru itu, keperluan untuk menggabungkan konsep Islam dalam biologi pemuliharaan dengan sistem pentadbiran yang sedia adalah amat penting. Sekiranya konsep Islam yang asas di praktis dan digabungkan dalam sistem pelaksanaan dan struktur  pentadbiran  yang  sedia  ada,  dalam  konteks  biologi  pemuliharaan, maka pemuliharaan biodiversiti di rantau ini mempunyai masa depan yang cerah.


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