CABARAN INTEGRASI ANTARA KAUM DI MALAYSIA: PERSPEKTIF SEJARAH, KELUARGA DAN PENDIDIKAN (The Challenges of Multi-Racial Integration in Malaysia: Historical, Family and Education Perspective)

Mohd Ridhhuan Tee Abdullah

Abstract


Kajian berkaitan dengan integrasi kaum di Malaysia agak kompleks. Ini kerana, sosio politik setiap kaum bersifat perkauman. Agen-agen seperti sejarah, pendidikan, media, parti politik dan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan amat kuat mencengkam budaya politik setiap kaum. Akhirnya, lahirlah setiap bangsa yang memperjuangkan kepentingan masing-masing. Bukti-bukti ini diperolehi melalui tinjauan yang dibuat ke atas kajian-kajian sebelum ini. Keadaan tidak banyak berubah sehingga ke hari ini. Kajian ini bertujuan menilai sejauh mana pengaruh agen sosio politik seperti sejarah, institusi keluarga dan pendidikan yang dilalui meninggalkan kesan terhadap hubungan antara kaum. Hasil kajian menunjukkan sosio-politik perkauman melahirkan sentimen perkauman yang tinggi. Integrasi masih lagi samar. Realitinya, sentimen perkauman masih kuat mencengkam budaya politik masyarakat berbilang kaum.


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