Pengetahuan terhadap Perkhidmatan Ekosistem dan Sumbangannya kepada Kehidupan Komuniti di Kuala Sepetang, Perak (Knowledge and Contributions of Ecosystem Services to Community Livelihood at Kuala Sepetang, Perak)

Mohd Azmeer Abu Bakar, Asyirah Abdul Rahim, Mohammad Izzamil Mohd Nasir


Kemusnahan alam sekitar dan kepupusan biodiversiti telah menjadi suatu isu yang sangat membimbangkan. Keterancaman biodiversiti ini dijangka akan berterusan dan meningkat pada masa akan datang jika tiada tindakan serius yang diambil oleh semua pihak berkepentingan. Kemerosotan dan kepupusan sumber semula jadi yang menjejaskan perkhidmatan ekosistem bukan sahaja menjadi isu dan cabaran di peringkat global, malah turut memberi impak kepada Malaysia. Oleh itu, kajian mengenai tahap pengetahuan komuniti dan sumbangan perkhidmatan ekosistem perlu dilakukan dengan memfokuskan kepada empat kategori perkhidmatan ekosistsem iaitu perkhidmatan-perkhidmatan pembekalan, kawal atur, sokongan, dan budaya. Sejumlah 249 borang soal selidik telah diedarkan secara rawak kepada anggota kuminiti di kawasan Kuala Sepetang, Perak. Data yang diperoleh melalui borang soal selidik ini, dianalisa dengan menggunakan kaedah Indeks Kepentingan Relatif (RII) dalam menentukan kedudukan item dan kategori. Kajian mendapati tahap pengetahuan komuniti setempat terhadap keempat-empat kategori perkhidmatan ekosistem adalah baik iaitu perkhidmatan pembekalan, perkhidmatan kawal atur, perkhidmatan sokongan dan perkhidmatan budaya. Sumbangan perkhidmatan ekosistem sokongan menunjukkan sumbangan terbesar dalam kehidupan harian penduduk dan secara tidak langsung membantu dalam kelangsungan hidup. Alam sekitar semula jadi terbukti menyediakan perkhidmatan ekosistem yang sangat penting dan menjadi elemen yang utama dalam kehidupan harian komuniti tempatan. Perkhidmatan ekosistem bukan hanya memberi perkhidmatan kepada manusia tetapi juga menjadi sistem bantuan kehidupan yang berkualiti.

Kata kunci: alam sekitar, sumber semula jadi, komuniti, indeks kepentingan relatif, perkhidmatan ekosistem, pengetahuan

Environmental destruction and biodiversity extinction have become an issue of grave concern. These threats on biodiversity are expected to continue and increase in the future if no serious actions are taken by stakeholders. Degradation and extinction of natural resources that affect the ecosystem services is not just a global issue and challenge at the global level, it also has an impact on Malaysia. Therefore, there is a need to study on the level of knowledge within the community on the contribution of ecosystem services focusing on four aspect of ecosystem services such as supply, regulatory, support and culture. A total of 249 questionnaire forms were distributed randomly to community members in the area of Kuala Sepetang, Perak. Data obtained through this survey were analyzed using the Relative Importance Index (RII) method in determining the position of items and categories. The study showed that the level of knowledge among the local community on the four ecosystem service categories are good such as supply service, regulatory service, support service and culture service. The support ecosystem service contributed the most towards the daily life of the community and indirectly enhanced their livelihood. Natural environment is proven providing a very important ecosystem service and it is a vital element of the local community daily life. Ecosystem services not only serve people but also become a quality life support system.

Keywords: environment, natural resources, community, relative important index, ecosystem services, knowledge

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