Analisis SWOT bagi Perjanjian Komprehensif dan Progresif Perkongsian Trans-Pasifik (CPTPPA): Kes syarikat unit amanah di Malaysia (SWOT analysis for Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (CPTPPA): A case of Malaysian unit trust companies)

Sahudin Saat @ Ma’anam, Aisyah Abdul-Rahman, Rosmah Mat Isa


Kajian ini bertujuan memahami jangkaan awal ke atas kekuatan, kelemahan, peluang dan ancaman yang dihadapi oleh syarikat Unit Amanah (SUA) di Malaysia yang terlibat dalam Perjanjian Komprehensif dan Progresif bagi Perkongsian Trans Pasifik (CPTPPA) yang telah ditandatangani pada 8 Mac 2018. Oleh kerana CPTPPA akan memberi kesan kepada portfolio aset pelaburan bagi pasaran modal dan pasaran saham, maka SUA perlu membuat persediaan dari segi kekuatan dan kelemahan serta mengenalpasti peluang dan ancaman yang bakal dihadapi. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kualitatif melalui temu bual mendalam ke atas pengurus dana. Hasil kajian ini mendapati bahawa SUA perlu menggunakan kekuatan seperti kemahiran analisa pasaran, menghasilkan instrumen kewangan yang menarik, memenuhi permintaan pelabur, dan membuat pelaburan baru merentasi sempadan. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa tiada persediaan yang dilakukan oleh SUA menghadapi CPTPPA disebabkan ketiadaan maklumat terperinci oleh agensi kerajaan. SUA telah mengenal pasti beberapa peluang seperti kenaikan KDNK dan eksport akibat daripada CPTPPA. Antara ancaman yang telah dikenalpasti adalah liberalisasi ke atas pasaran tempatan serta ketiadaan regulasi khusus. Oleh itu, SUAM perlu membuat analisa dan merangka strategi untuk menghadapi CPTPPA.

Kata kunci: CPTPPA, Malaysia, Peluang dan Cabaran, Saham Amanah, SWOT, Unit Amanah

The study aims to identify the initial expectations of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats faced by the Malaysian Unit Trust Companies (UTC) involved in the Comprehensive and Progressive for Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (CPTPPA) which has been officially signed on 8 March 2018. As the CPTPPA will affect the asset portfolio investment in capital markets and stock markets, then UTC need to prepare in terms of knowing their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. This study uses qualitative methods through an in-depth interview on fund managers. The findings found that the UTC should utilise strengths such as market analysis skills and offering attractive new financial instruments across borders. The results show that there is inadequate preparation made by the UTC to confront the CPTPPA due to the lack of detailed information provided by government agencies. UTC have identified several opportunities such as the increase in GDP and exports as a result of the CPTPPA. Among the identified threats is the liberalization of the local market and the absence of specific regulations. Therefore, UTC need to analyze and formulate strategies in dealing with CPTPPA.

Keywords: CPTPPA, Malaysia, opportunity and challenges, share unit, SWOT, trust unit

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