Dimensi iklim keselamatan rakan sekerja bagi sistem pengangkutan rel bandar (Co-workers’ safety climate dimension in urban rail transport system)

Kadir Arifin, Norfadillah Derahim


Rakan sekerja berperanan penting dalam meningkatkan kualiti keselamatan dan kesihatan seseorang pekerja bagi sesebuah organisasi disebabkan rakan sekerja adalah figura paling hampir di tempat kerja. Justeru, kajian bertujuan menganalisis tahap penilaian iklim keselamatan pekerja terhadap dimensi rakan sekerja dalam organisasi sistem pengangkutan rel bandar. Kajian menggunakan kaedah kuantitatif melalui tinjauan menggunakan borang soal selidik. Responden kajian terdiri daripada seramai 441 orang pekerja bahagian operasi dan bahagian penyelenggaraan. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa tahap penilaian iklim keselamatan rakan sekerja adalah di tahap sederhana, melalui tiga subdimensi utama iaitu kompetensi, nilai keselamatan dan sokongan keselamatan. Dapatan kajian ini, merupakan cabaran utama pihak organisasi di mana rakan sekerja sepatutnya menjadi contoh terbaik kepada individu pekerja. Hasil kajian penting dijadikan panduan kepada organisasi dalam meningkatkan lagi fungsi rakan sekerja, terutamanya bagi meningkatkan prestasi keselamatan rakan sekerja yang lain. Inisiatif sesebuah organisasi dalam memantapkan keupayaan rakan sekerja bukan sahaja berfaedah kepada rakan sekerja yang lain malahan mampu menjadikan kesemua pekerja mematuhi setiap arahan organisasi dan seterusnya mengurangkan risiko kemalangan.

Kata kunci: iklim keselamatan, iklim keselamatan rakan sekerja, kompetensi, nilai keselamatan, sokongan keselamatan, sistem pengangkutan rel bandar

Colleague plays an important role in improving an employee's safety and health for an organization because colleague is the closest figure in the workplace. Therefore, the study aimed to analyze the level of employee safety climate assessment of the colleague dimension in a city rail transport system organization. The study involved quantitative methods using questionnaire. The respondents consisted of 441 employees in the operations and maintenance division. The results showed that the colleague safety climate assessment was at a moderate level, through three main subdivisions namely competence, safety values and safety support. The findings of this study are a major challenge of the organization, where colleagues should be the best example for the individual employee. The results of this study is important to guide the organization in enhancing colleague functioning, especially in enhancing colleague safety performance. An organization's initiative to enhance colleague capacity not only benefits other colleague but also enables all employees to obey each organization's instructions and thus reduce the risk of accidents.

Keywords: safety climate, co-workers’ safety climate, competency, safety value, safety support, urban rail transport system

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