KEUPAYAAN KOPERASI MEMBANGUNKAN MODAL SOSIAL BONDING AHLI DALAM KOPERASI PELADANG BUKIT AWANG, KELANTAN. (The Ability of Cooperative Develop Bonding Social Capital In Farmer Organisation of Bukit Awang, Kelantan.

Maisarah Che Ahmed, Sarmila Md. Sum, Sivapalan Selvadurai

Abstract


Pembangunan koperasi merupakan salah satu usaha untuk meningkatkan pembangunan ekonomi dan sosial komuniti. Koperasi dirujuk sebagai sebuah persatuan autonomi yang dibentuk secara sukarela untuk menguruskan keperluan ekonomi, sosial dan budaya melalui kawalan demokratik secara bersama. Dalam erti kata lain, koperasi ialah satu bentuk perniagaan yang melibatkan ahli bekerja secara bersama-sama untuk mencapai matlamat yang sama. Secara tidak langsung, ini menunjukkan bahawa elemen modal sosial telah tersirat dalam penubuhan koperasi menerusi hubungan antara koperasi dan ahli-ahlinya. Justeru, modal sosial menjadi elemen yang perlu diberikan perhatian dalam pembangunan komuniti. Kertas kerja ini bertujuan untuk meneliti proses pembentukan modal sosial bonding melalui penubuhan koperasi. Sejumlah 30 ahli koperasi telah ditemu bual dengan melibatkan koperasi peladang kawasan Bukit Awang, Kelantan. Data temu bual dianalisis menggunakan kaedah analisis tematik. Hasil kajian mendapati melalui aktiviti koperasi dapat membentuk hubungan yang baik sesama ahli. Kesimpulannya, penubuhan koperasi berupaya membangunkan modal sosial bonding melalui aktiviti yang dianjurkan kepada ahli dan memberi kesan positif kepada pembangunan komuniti.

Kata kunci: Pertemuan, hubungan, berkongsi, bersama-sama, analisis tematik.

(The Ability of Cooperative Develop Bonding Social Capital In Farmer Organisation of Bukit Awang, Kelantan.

Cooperative development is one of the efforts to improve the economic and social development of a community. A cooperative is an autonomous association formed on a voluntary basis to manage economic, social, and cultural needs through a mutual democratic control. In other words, a cooperative is a form of business involving members working together to achieve the same goals. It implies that the element of social capital is implicitly embedded in the establishment of a cooperative through the relationships between the cooperative and its members. Therefore, social capital is an important element that should be focused on in community development. This paper aims to examine the process social capital bonding created through the cooperatives. Thirty cooperative members were interviewed at a farmer organisation in Bukit Awang, Kelantan. The data were analysed using the thematic analysis. The findings show that through cooperative activities, good relationship among members were created. As a conclusion, the cooperative has succeeded to develop bonding social capital through organized activities to their members and given positive impact to community development.

Keywords: meeting, relationship, share, together, thematic analysis.


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