RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY TRAITS, ATTACHMENT STYLES AND LIFE SATISFACTION AMONG ADOLESCENTS

Wan Shahrazad, W. S., Nor Ba’yah Abdul Kadir, Fatimah Omar, Fatimah Wati Halim

Abstract


Adolescence is an important developmental stage for every individual as it is a transition period from childhood to adulthood. Hence, many variables contribute to the feelings of life satisfaction among adolescents. It is therefore prudent to investigate what adolescents deem as important in influencing their life satisfaction. The objective of this study  was  to  examine  the  relationship  between  personality  traits,  attachment  styles  with  adolescents’  life satisfaction.  A  total  of  315  respondents aged  between  18  to  21  years  old  participated  in  this  study.  Three standardized instruments were used and they are: the NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) to measure personality, the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). Results showed that there were significant relationships between personality traits of extraversion, openness and conscientiousness with life satisfaction. The  findings also  indicated significant correlations between attachment styles  of  confidence and relationship with life satisfaction. In addition, results showed that there were significant relationships between most of the personality traits with attachment styles. In conclusion, adolescents who were satisfied with their lives were those who have personality traits of extraversion, openness and conscientiousness and secure attachment style. These findings give important insights in understanding the well-being of adolescents.


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