Perebutan Wilayah dalam Perang Balkan Kedua (1913) dan Campur Tangan Kuasa-kuasa Besar Eropah (Territorial Dispute In The Second Balkan War (1913) and The Intervention of The Great Powers)

Azlizan Mat Enh, Rohani Abdul Ghani, Zubaidah VP Hamzah

Abstract


Problems among the Balkan powers in 1912 could not be resolved through the London Treaty 1913. This was due to the reluctance of the members of the Balkans League, Serbia and Bulgaria, who did not want to accept the terms in the treaty. They felt, they were forced to sign the treaty by the Great Powers. Bulgaria saw the treaty as bringing many benefits and advantages to Serbia in the Balkans. Bulgaria’s dissatisfaction sparked another conflict in the Balkans known as Second Balkan War in 1913. In the First Balkan War, the Balkan League alliance consisted of Serbia, Bulgaria and Montenegro who went against the Ottoman government, however, in the Second Balkan War, the war was between Serbia and Bulgaria. Therefore, the objectives of this article are to analyze the issues that led to the conflict in the Serbian-Bulgarian relations and to analyze the intervention of the Great Powers in the crisis. This study employed a qualitative methodology which involved primary sources such as British records obtained at the Public Record Office, Kew, London. This article found that the main cause of the conflict in the 1913 Serbia-Bulgaria relationship was due to the conflict over Macedonia and the intervention of European powers.


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JEBAT : Malaysian Journal of History, Politics & Strategic Studies, 
Center for Research in History, Politics and International Affairs,
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, 
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi Selangor, Malaysia.

eISSN: 2180-02551

ISSN: 012-5644