Pengetahuan dan sokongan belia terhadap dasar kerajaan mengenai perubahan iklim (Youth knowledge and support for government policy towards climate change)

Suhana Saad, Tuan Fazliyanna Tuan Kamarudin, Abd. Hair Awang

Abstract


Abstrak

 

Dasar kerajaan mengenai perubahan iklim digubal sebagai langkah adaptasi dan mitigasi dalam mengurangkan impak perubahan iklim. Namun, kesedaran dan keprihatinan orang awam mengenai perubahan iklim haruslah wujud seiring dengan matlamat yang ditetapkan oleh pihak kerajaan dalam perlaksanaan dasar kerajaan tersebut. Situasi ini telah menimbulkan persoalan tahap kesedaran dan keprihatinan terhadap dasar kerajaan mengenai perubahan iklim. Oleh itu, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenalpasti pengetahuan dan sokongan pelajar terhadap dasar kerajaan mengenai perubahan iklim berdasarkan dua bidang pengajian sains dan sains sosial. Seramai 455 pelajar Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan (FSSK) dan Fakulti Sains Teknologi (FST), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia dipilih menggunakan kaedah persampelan bertujuan. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa hanya pengetahuan menunjukkan perbezaan yang signifikan di antara dua bidang pengajian. Bagi sokongan terhadap dasar kerajaan mengenai perubahan iklim pula, pengetahuan menyumbang pengaruh yang tertinggi. Aspek kesedaran perlu dilihat dari pelbagai komponen bagi meningkatkan sokongan terhadap dasar kerajaan mengenai perubahan iklim.  Pengetahuan berkaitan perubahan iklim harus diterapkan sejak di alam persekolahan serta melalui kegiatan ko-kurikulum di sekolah. Program sekolah hijau boleh dijalankan di setiap sekolah termasuklah menghijaukan kawasan sekolah, kempen kitar semula, cara-cara menjimatkan penggunaan elektrik, kaedah untuk mengurangkan jejak karbon boleh dilakukan.

 

Kata kunci: alam sekitar, belia, dasar kerajaan, kesedaran, pengetahuan, perubahan iklim

Abstract

The government's policy on climate change has been drafted as a measure of adaptation and mitigation in reducing the impact of climate change. However, the public's awareness and concern about climate change should be in line with the goals set by the government in the implementation of government policy. This situation has raised the question on the level of awareness and concern towards government policy on climate change. Therefore, this study aims to identify students' knowledge and support towards government policy on climate change based on student major in science and social science. In addition, this study examines the influence of knowledge factor towards government policy support on climate change. A total of 455 students from the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities (FSSK) and the Faculty of Science and Technology (FST) were selected using a purposive sampling method. The findings show that only knowledge shows a significant difference between the two streams of study. From the aspect of support towards government policy on climate change, knowledge contributes the highest influence. The aspect of awareness needs to be looked from various components to enhance the support for government policy on climate change. Knowledge regarding climate change should be applied in schools through co-curricular activities. Green school programs can be implemented at school including green schools, recycling campaigns, save electricity consumption campaigns, and reduction of carbon footprint can be implemented.

Keywords: environment, youth, government policy, awareness, knowledge, climate change 

 


Keywords


perubahan iklim, belia, dasar kerajaan, pengetahuan, kesedaran

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