Financial literacy and investment decisions in Malaysia and United Kingdom: A comparative analysis

Hawati Janor, Rubayah Yakob, Noor Azuan Hashim, Zanariah Zanariah, Che Aniza Che Wel


 In today’s advance and complex financial landscape, financial literacy (FL) is essential as it does not only influence and impact upon financial decisions at the firm level but also a country’s  wider financial wellbeing and socio- economic development . This study compares the  FL levels of  Malaysia and United Kingdom  by utilising the results of the survey from the questionnaire developed by the OECD and by examining demographic and socioeconomic factors that  influence the level of FL. The results show that,overall, the level of FL in both countries are low and necessary measures should be taken by the government to increase awareness of financial related matters. The literature findings also reveal that  demographic, economic, social, and psychological factors are the main determinants, that  some common themes appear with respect to  the consequences of FL on investment decisions, demographic factors, methodology and program effectiveness,  and that  gaps exist  in the literature of  FL in Malaysia with respect to  types of investment and risk tolerance, measurement of financial literacy, methodology and sources of knowledge. The study provides information that may assist in directing future research and in formuling policies and guidelines for policy makers, administrators and educators in incorporating suitable FL components in their training endeavours.  
Keywords: behavioral finance model, financial decision making, financial literacy, investment decisions, risk tolerance, traditional finance theory

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