Market orientation, entrepreneurship orientation, relationship commitment and communication among SME exporters in Malaysia

Md Daud Ismail, Azwardi Md Isa, Syed Shah Alam, Maisarah Ahmad


Building partnerships with foreign importers or distributors is critical for internationalizing small and medium
enterprises with limited resources. Doing so can help them leverage the resources of their partners and enhance their
export performance in foreign markets. Within this context, commitment to the relationship stands as an important
cross-border relationship dimension. In addition, market orientation and entrepreneurship orientation have been
highlighted in the literature as important variables to develop relationship commitment. The literature also
demonstrates that effective communication between partners is the critical function of relationship closeness and
strength. This study used the resource-based view for theoretical foundation. We collected data from 220 small and
medium business exporters in the manufacturing sector in an emerging market, namely, Malaysia which were
analyzed using hierarchical moderated regression analysis. The results showed that entrepreneurship orientation is
positively related to relationship commitment. The findings also revealed that the relationship between market
orientation and commitment was fully moderated by communication. This means the entrepreneurial values of risk
taking, innovation, and pro-action are crucial in providing SMEs with the ability to develop and maintain
relationship commitment. Future studies may investigate how the rapid changes in the international business
environment affect SME relationship commitment.

Keywords: cross-border relationship, entrepreneurship orientation, manufacturing sector, market orientation,
relationship commitment, SME communication

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.