Semangat Perpaduan Dalam Kalangan Remaja B40 Yang Tinggal Di Kawasan Perumahan Rakyat (Ppr) Sekitar Kuala Lumpur (Unity among B40 adolescents living in people’s housing estate in Kuala Lumpur)

Fauziah Ibrahim, Azianura Hani Shaari, Norulhuda Sarnon, Salina Nen, Nasrudin Subhi, Zaizul Ab Rahman, Mohd Nasir Selamat, Shahrul Nazmi Sannusi

Abstract


Semangat perpaduan merupakan elemen penting dalam mengekalkan keharmonian dan kemakmuran dalam kalangan generasi muda pelbagai bangsa di Malaysia. Oleh itu artikel ini disediakan bertujuan untuk (1) mengukur tahap semangat perpaduan dan (2) mengenal pasti faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi semangat perpaduan dalam kalangan remaja B40 yang tinggal di kawasan perumahan rakyat di Malaysia. Kajian dijalankan dengan menggunakan reka bentuk tinjauan keratan-lintang secara kuantitatif. Seramai 244 orang remaja B40 yang tinggal di tiga buah kawasan perumahan iaitu di perumahan Rakyat Desa Rejang, Pantai Ria dan Seri Pantai telah dipilih sebagai responden kajian. Data kajian telah dianalisis dengan menggunakan ujian deskriptif dan regresi pelbagai secara stepwise. Analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahawa majoriti (59.8%) remaja B40 yang tinggal di kawasan perumahan rakyat menunjukkan semangat perpaduan yang sederhana sahaja dan perlu dipertingkatkan. Analisis regrasi pelbagai pula mendapati bahawa faktor kesihatan diri (β=.539, p<.05) adalah petunjuk utama yang mempengaruhi semangat perpaduan dalam kalangan remaja B40. Manakala kombinasi kesihatan diri (β=.405, p<.05) dan tingkah laku prososial (β=.289, p<.05) menyumbang sebanyak 6.6% perubahan tambahan terhadap semangat perpaduan. Faktor hubungan kejiranan dan semangat cintakan Malaysia pula menyumbang sebanyak 3.1% dan 1.4% varians terhadap semangat perpaduan dalam kalangan remaja B40. Kombinasi keempat-empat faktor peramal tersebut telah menyumbang sebanyak 40.1% varians terhadap semangat perpaduan dalam kalangan remaja B40 yang tinggal di kawasan perumahan rakyat. Hasil kajian memberi implikasi positif kepada pihak-pihak yang berkepentingan dalam usaha untuk menyediakan pelan strategik yang komprehensif dalam menambahbaik program-program yang boleh membina dan menyemarakkan semangat perpaduan dalam kalangan rakyat khasnya remaja B40 yang tinggal di kawasan perumahan rakyat di Malaysia.

Kata kunci: remaja B40, semangat perpaduan, kesihatan diri, tingkah laku prososial, semangat cintakan Malaysia, hubungan kejiranan.

Unity among B40 adolescents living in people’s housing estate in Kuala Lumpur 

ABSTRACT

Unity is one of the important elements in maintaining harmony and prosperity among the younger generation in Malaysia. Racial unity among Malaysian youths can be improved using various approaches and measures. This paper aims (1) to assess the level of unity and racial integration among B40 adolescents and (2) to identify the factors that influenced racial unity among the B40 adolescents living in several underprivileged urban areas in Malaysia. The study was developed and conducted based on a quantitative cross-sectional design. A total of 244 adolescents living in three underprivileged urban areas in Kuala Lumpur (Rejang, Ria and Seri Pantai) were selected and responded to a set of questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive and multiple regression tests. Firstly, the findings gathered from the descriptive analysis indicate that the majority (59.8%) of the B40 adolescents living in the underprivileged urban areas have a moderate level of racial unity and integration. Next, the findings gathered from the multiple regression analysis found health factor (β = .539, p <.05) as the main indicator that influenced the level of unity among these people.  The spirit of neighborhood, as well as nationalism, indicated 3.1% and 1.4% of the variance that contribute to racial unity among the respondents. In conclusion, the findings of this research have a positive implication in supporting the government’s effort to design a comprehensive and strategic plan that includes various community programs to encourage and improve racial unity among the younger generation in the country.

Keywords: B40 adolescents, racial unity, health, prosocial behavior, nationalism, neighborhood relationships. 

 


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