INVENTORI FONEM VARIAN MELANAU OYA DI SARAWAK: PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN STRUKTURAL

Norfazila Ab. Hamid, Rahim Aman

Abstract


The paper discusses one variant Melanau (VM) in Sarawak, namely variants Melanau Oya (VM OA). The objective in this paper is to evaluate and reorganize aspects of phonology which has yet to get clarification on a number of studies on VM OA especially in determining the amount of phoneme inventory. Therefore, this study aimed to affect aspects of phonetics and phonology to describe how the phonological system VM OA with displays spread vowel, diphthong, consonant and see the presence of alternation in this OA VM. The approach used to achieve the objectives of this study is the structural approach. The results prove that the VM OA has 6 vowel phonemes, namely / i, u , e, o, «, a/, four diphthongs /-oj, -aw, -aj, -ej / and have 20 consonant phonemes which consist of seven explosive consonants /p, b, t, d, k, g, //, two africate consonants /tS, dZ/, three fricative consonants /s, Ä, h/, four nasal consonants /m, n, ø, N/,  a vibration consonant / r /, a lateral consonant / l / and two semi-vowel consonants / w, j /. This research hopes to find something missing, reveal the hidden and produce a breakthrough.


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