Impact of Size of the Manufacturing Firms on Knowledge Management Practices: An Empirical Analysis

S.D. Uma Mageswari, Chitra Sivasubramanian, T.N. Srikantha Dath

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Manufacturing sector is the driver of economic growth of developing countries and employment. Knowledge and knowledge management result in manufacturing excellence by improving productivity and flexibility of the organizations’ operations. This study has identified four fundamental knowledge management processes from the literature, namely knowledge acquisition, knowledge creation, knowledge storage and knowledge sharing that contribute to the growth of the organizations. Thus, we had developed a questionnaire to analyze these processes in the Indian manufacturing sector. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed using LISREL (Linear Structural Relations) software, that is, to test the convergence of the observed variables to each of the knowledge management processes. The results showed a good model fit for all the knowledge managerial processes. Then the data were explored, analyzed and compared with the current status of KM practices with respect to their sizes. It is found that size has a profound impact on the extent of adoption of KM practices.
Keywords: Knowledge; knowledge management; manufacturing sector; confirmatory factor analysis; size of the firms

ABSTRAK

Sektor pembuatan adalah pemacu pertumbuhan ekonomi negara-negara membangun dan pekerjaan. Pengetahuan dan pengurusan pengetahuan menyediakan kecemerlangan pembuatan menerusi peningkatan produktiviti dan fleksibiliti operasi organisasi. Kajian ini mengenal pasti empat proses asas pengurusan pengetahuan daripada literatur; pemerolehan pengetahuan, penciptaan pengetahuan, penyimpanan pengetahuan dan perkongsian pengetahuan, yang menyumbang kepada pertumbuhan organisasi. Oleh itu, soal selidik telah dibangunkan untuk menganalisa proses-proses ini dalam sektor pembuatan India. Analisis faktor pengesahan telah dilakukan dengan menggunakan perisian (Perhubungan Berstruktur Linear ) LISREL, untuk menguji penumpuan pembolehubahyang dikenalpasti kepada setiap proses pengurusan pengetahuan. Hasil kajian memperolehi model yang sesuai untuk semua proses pengurusan pengetahuan. Kemudian data dianalisis untuk meneroka, menganalisis dan membandingkan status semasa amalan KM berkaitan dengan saiz mereka. Dapatan menunjukkan bahawa saiz mempunyai kesan besar terhadap tahap perlaksanaan amalan KM.

Kata kunci: Pengetahuan; pengurusan pengetahuan; sektor pembuatan; analisis faktor pengesahan; saiz firma


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