[ms] Al-Murabahah: Implications on Financial Stability and Islamic Finance Model

Mansor Jusoh, Mohd Azlan Shah Zaidi, Tamat Sarmidi, Mohd Adib Ismail


Contract of exchange or cuqūd al-mucawadat is an important contract in Islam, in line with the fact that Islam encourages
business activities that do not involve riba. In Islamic banking system, deferred contracts of exchange are frequently
used for financing purposes and they are commonly materialized as the mark-up contracts or al-murabahah contracts.
Based on endogenous monetary theory which states that the stock of money is not determined by the central bank but by
the banking system as a whole and the people, al-murabahah contracts create money and more importantly money in
the amount that is closely related to financing needs of real economic activities. Consequently, al murabahah contracts
create money supply that can warrant better monetary stability than the money created through debt contracts based
on riba principles. In reality, funds from al-murabahah contracts are the biggest component in Islamic bank financing.
These findings refute the view of majority of Islamic economists who suggest that Islamic financial system should be
modelled mainly from the profit and loss sharing principles. In contrast, a model that takes into accounts the al-murabahah
principles and methods is more suitable in depicting the Islamic financial system.


al-murabahah; profit and loss sharing; monetary stability; deferred contract of exchange

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ISSN 0126-5636 | e-ISSN : 2600-8556

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Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
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