The Theory of Post-Industrial Society (Teori Masyarakat Pasca-Industri)

Wan Fariza Alyati Wan Zakaria, Jabal M. Buaben


This articles attempts at firstly looking at Daniel Bell’s background and thereafter discussing selected themes of his thoughts regarding to the future society. This will be done by scrutinising his main intellectual works, particularly with regards to his theoretical analysis on the future society, namely the post-industrial society. The books are The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting (1973), The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism (1976) and The End of ideology (1960). Other materials written by Bell were also consulted wherever related. The methodology applied in this article is content analysis whereby key words related to post-industrial society such as knowledge, change and technology were analysed, criticised and thereafter used to understand the underlying framework or worldview that constitute the scholar’s ideas. The discussion on the results of this worldview suggests that the logical movement of history works in its deterministic way in which problems faced by the societies such as injustices, inequalities, poverty, racial divisions and so on will cease away and that the society will move towards a better and more desirable order. It is hoped that this article would contribute significantly to deepening our understanding on the discourse of the post-industrial society, and how it relates to our current context.

Keywords: Theory; Post-Industrial; Future Society; Social Change; Daniel Bell




Artikel ini melihat latar belakang Daniel Bell, dan kemudiannya membincangkan beberapa tema pemikirannya berkenaan masyarakat masa depan. Hal ini dilakukan dengan menganalisa beberapa hasil karya beliau, terutamanya yang berkaitan analisis teori berkenaan masyarakat masa depan yang dikenali sebagai masyarakat pasca-industri. Karya-karya tersebut adalah The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting (1973), The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism (1976) dan The End of ideology (1960). Karya-karya lain yang ditulis oleh Bell juga dirujuk, di mana yang berkaitan. Metodologi yang digunapakai dalam artikel ini adalah analisis kandungan di mana katakunci yang berkaitan dengan masyarakat pasca-industri seperti ilmu pengetahuan, perubahan dan teknologi  dianalisa, dikritik dan kemudiannya diguna untuk memahami kerangka asas atau pandangan alam yang membina idea-idea tokoh. Perbincangan terhadap hasil pandangan alam ini mencadangkan bahawa pergerakan yang logik bagi sejarah berfungsi secara deterministic di mana permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat seperti ketidakadilan, ketidaksamarataan, kemiskinan, pengasingan kaum dan sebagainya akan selesai dan masyarakat akan menjadi lebih baik dan tersusun. Justeru tulisan ini diharap  dapat memberi sumbangan dalam memperdalami kefahaman kita terhadap diskusi mengenai masyarakat pasca-industri serta bagaimana ia berkait dengan konteks masyarakat hari ini.

Kata kunci: Teori; Pasca-Industri;  Masyarakat masa depan; Perubahan social; Daniel Bell

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