Conceptualizing Work and Organizational Values from the Islamic Perspective

Nur Atiqah Abdullah, Fatimah Omar, Nik Mutasim Nik Ab. Rahman, Khairul Akmaliah Adham

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Literature suggests the importance of values in influencing one’s affective and cognitive processes, which in turn, affect his or her behaviour. In this regard, values are fundamental in directing an individual’s motivation toward work and supporting the formation of positive attitudes, which then influence his or her actions and decision making. The objective of this study is to provide a model that links basic values to work values and organizational values. The paper first presents the general concept of values, work values, and organizational values from the western literature. It then analyses these conceptualizations against the concepts drawn from the Islamic principles and traditions. The study found that the Islamic perspective views values as manifested from one’s worldview, which is based upon divine principles. Moreover, individual and organizational values are developed and fostered through two authentic sources, the Holy Quran and the Hadith. Individuals and organizational conducts are aimed at achieving worldly and superordinate goals of getting rewards from Allah SWT. Conversely, discussions on the concept of values in Western literature generally separate values from a person’s religion and deeply held belief, while organizational values are generally derived from the founders’ desire to institutionalize their firms.

Keywords: Concept of work values; organizational values; Islamic perspectives; ethical achievement

ABSTRAK

Tinjauan literatur mencadangkan kepentingan nilai dalam mempengaruhi proses kognitif dan afektif seseorang, yang berupaya memberi kesan terhadap aspek tingkah laku seseorang. Sehubungan ini, nilai adalah asas yang menggerakkan motivasi terhadap kerja dan menyokong pembentukan sikap positif yang akhirnya mempengaruhi tindakan dan pembuatan keputusan seseorang. Objektif kajian ini ialah untuk menyediakan satu model yang menunjukkan perhubungan di antara nilai-nilai asas dengan nilai kerja dan nilai organisasi. Kertas kerja ini menerangkan konsep umum mengenai nilai, nilai kerja dan nilai organisasi mengikut perspektif Barat. Konsep-konsep ini kemudiannya dikaji dari sudut yang berbeza mengikut prinsip dan tradisi Islam. Hasil kajian mendapati perspektif Islam melihat nilai sebagai manifestasi daripada pandangan hidup seseorang yang berasaskan prinsip ilmu wahyu. Nilai-nilai individu dan organisasi pula dibangunkan dan dipupuk menerusi dua sumber yang sahih, iaitu kitab suci Al-Quran dan Hadis. Tingkah laku individu dan organisasi adalah bertujuan untuk mencapai ganjaran daripada Allah SWT di dunia dan akhirat. Sebaliknya, perbincangan mengenai konsep nilai daripada perspektif Barat secara umumnya memisahkan aspek nilai daripada agama dan kepercayaan seseorang. Sementara nilai-nilai organisasi pula pada amnya adalah terbit daripada hasrat pengasas untuk menginstitusikan firma mereka.

Kata kunci: Konsep nilai kerja; nilai organisasi; prespektif Islam; kejayaan beretika


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