The Minang - Nomads Businesses’ Performance: The Role of Proactive Personality, Creativity and Innovative Work Behavior

Gus Andri, Wiwiek Rabiatul Adawiyah, Ratno Purnomo, Zahrotush Sholikhah

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Amid the prevalence of particular ethnic supremacy in entrepreneurship, few have looked at the centrality of entrepreneurship in various cultural domains. Authors utilize human capital formation theory to assert that extended family provide a crucial background in the growth of individual business skills and preferences. This study aims at investigating the influence of proactive personality and creativity on small businesses performance owned by the member of Minang business community through the mediating role of the entrepreneurs’ innovative behaviors. The Minang people inherent strong business characters from their ancestors, which is viewed as the enabler of their entrepreneurial success. Data was collected by mean of questionnaire that was distributed to 265 small businesses owners enrolled as the member of Minang business community in Purwokerto Central Java Indonesia. The tool of analysis used was structural equation modeling (SEM). Study results showed that both proactive personality and creativity have positive effect on the Minang Nomads innovative behavior and subsequently on the businesses performance. The study also confirmed the role of innovative behavior as a mediator on the relationship between proactive personalities and creativity.

Keywords: Proactive personality; creativity; innovative work behavior, small businesses performance.

ABSTRAK

Di kala berlakunya penguasaan etnik tertentu dalam bidang keusahawanan, hanya sedikit yang melihat pemusatan keusahawanan dalam pelbagai bidang budaya. Penulis menggunakan teori pembentukan modal insan untuk menegaskan bahawa keluarga luas menyediakan latar belakang yang penting dalam pertumbuhan kemahiran dan pilihan perniagaan individu. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh personaliti proaktif dan kreativiti terhadap prestasi perniagaan kecil yang dimiliki oleh ahli komuniti perniagaan Minang melalui peranan perantara tingkah laku inovatif pengusaha. Masyarakat Minang mewarisi keperibadian perniagaan yang kuat dari nenek moyang mereka, yang dianggap sebagai faktor kejayaan keusahawanan mereka. Data dikumpulkan melalui min soal selidik yang diedarkan kepada 265 pengusaha kecil yang berdaftar sebagai anggota komuniti perniagaan Minang di Purwokerto, Jawa Tengah Indonesia. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah pemodelan persamaan struktur (SEM). Hasil kajian menunjukkan kedua-dua personality proaktif dan kreativiti berhubung positif dengan tingkah laku inovatif Nomad Minang dan seterusnya prestasi peniagaan. Kajian ini juga mengesahkan peranan tingkah laku inovatif sebagai perantara hubungan antara personaliti proaktif dan kreativiti.

Kata kunci: Personaliti proaktif; kreativiti; tingkah laku kerja inovatif; prestasi perniagaan kecil.


Keywords


proactive personality; creativity; innovative work behavior, small businesses performance.

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