Analisis Terhadap Aset Sandaran Alternatif bagi Penerbitan Sukuk Jangka Pendek oleh International Islamic Liquidity Management (IILM)

Najibah Khairiyah Shahabudin, Kamaruzaman Noordin

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Aset sandaran merupakan perkara penting bagi penerbitan sukuk. Namun aset sandaran secara fizikal tidak mencukupi untuk menerbitkan sukuk secara berkala. Justeru, artikel ini mengkaji aset sandaran alternatif bagi terbitan sukuk jangka pendek. Kajian kes dijalankan terhadap terbitan sukuk jangka pendek di syarikat multilateral iaitu International Islamic Liquidity Management (IILM). Dengan metode temubual yang digunakan, kajian mendapati bahawa penggunaan kontrak wakalah dalam penerbitan sukuk IILM adalah jalan terbaik bagi mengurangkan penggunaan aset fizikal. Selain itu, alternatif lain bagi kekurangan aset sandaran ini dapat diatasi dengan menggunakan aset ringan seperti masa berbual (air time) dan tarif elektrik, penggunaan aset swasta atau pembiayaan mikro atau melonggarkan syarat Aset Cair Berkualiti Tinggi (HQLA).

Kata kunci: Pasaran wang Islam; instrumen mudah cair; sukuk jangka pendek IILM; aset sandaran; International Islamic Liquidity Management Corporation (IILM).

ABSTRACT

Underlying asset is vital in sukuk issuance. However, physical underlying asset may not be sufficient to issue sukuk regularly. This article intends to analyse the alternative underlying assets for short-term sukuk issuance. A case study on short-term sukuk was conducted at a multilateral company known as the International Islamic Liquidity Management (IILM). By using the interview method, this research found that the usage of wakalah contract in the issuance of sukuk is the best way to reduce the usage of physical assets. Other alternatives which may be used to overcome the lack of the underlying assets is perhaps a light asset consists of air time and electricity tarif, private assets or micro financing or loose High Quality Liquid Asset (HQLA) term and conditions.

Keywords: Islamic interbank money market; liquid instrument; short term sukuk IILM; underlying asset; International Islamic Liquidity Management (IILM).


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