Human-Oriented Leadership and Encouragement to Perform Work: Modelling Organizational Attachment as Mediator

Yusniati Ishak, Azman Ismail, Asyakireen Samsudin, Umi Hamidaton Mohd Soffian Lee, Mohd Helmi Ali

Abstract


ABSTRACT

This study investigates the relationship between human-oriented leadership, organizational attachment and encouragement to perform work. A survey method was utilized to collect data from employees at a national election agency in Peninsular Malaysia. The SmartPLS was used to analyze the data and revealed two significant findings: First, relationship between supportive leadership style and organizational attachment was significantly correlated with encouragement to perform work. Second, relationship between participative leadership style and organizational attachment was significantly correlated with encouragement to perform work. The findings endorse that effect of human-oriented leadership on encouragement to perform work is mediated by organizational attachment. Further discussions, implications and conclusion are presented in this study.

Keywords: Human-oriented leadership; organizational attachment; encouragement to perform work; SmartPLS

ABSTRAK

Artikel ini mengkaji perhubungan di antara kepimpinan berorientasikan manusia, keterikatan dengan organisasi dan dorongan melaksanakan kerja. Kaedah kajiselidik telah digunakan untuk mengumpul data daripada pekerja di sebuah agensi pilihanraya kebangsaan, Semenanjung Malaysia. Pakej SmartPLS telah digunakan untuk menganalisis data kajian ini dan keputusan analisis ini menghasilkan dua penemuan penting: Pertama, perhubungan di antara gaya kepimpinan sokongan dan keterikatan dengan organisasi mempunyai perkaitan yang signifikan terhadap dorongan melaksanakan kerja. Kedua, perhubungan di antara gaya kepimpinan partisipatif dan keterikatan dengan organisasi mempunyai perkaitan yang signifikan dengan dorongan melaksanakan kerja. Hasil kajian ini mengesahkan bahawa kesan kepimpinan berorientasikan manusia ke atas dorongan melaksanakan kerja dipengaruhi secara tidak langsung oleh keterikatan dengan organisasi. Perbincangan, implikasi dan kesimpulan lanjut turut dibentangkan di dalam kajian ini.

Kata kunci: Kepimpinan berorientasikan manusia; keterikatan dengan organisasi; dorongan melaksanakan kerja; SmartPLS


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