Wakaf CSR: An Emperical Study of Polycentric Collaborative Waqf Governance

Nur Aqidah Suhaili, Mohd Rizal Palil, Rohayati Hussin

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The key challenge to operate waqf in Malaysia lies within the ability to manage the issue of collaborative governance. In Malaysia, waqf is under the purview of State Islamic Religious Councils (SIRCs) whose permissions are needed to operate waqf legally. However, there are multiple claims that establishing the relationships with SIRCs is complex. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to overcome the paradigm of the complex collaborative relationships between the interested parties of waqf and the SIRCs. For that, the case of Wakaf CSR is chosen as a perfect example of how collaborative waqf relationship is established under polycentric governance. Qualitative approach from case study perspective is utilized for this study apart from secondary data of library search and seminal inputs. The case offers a good insight into how waqf could be operationalized harmoniously into the legal framework using collaborative governance mechanism. The success of the model demonstrated by Wakaf CSR had inspired many versions of collaborative waqf projects with SIRCs. It can be concluded that collaborative governance from polycentric perspective is an ideal formulation for executing the waqf sector in the Malaysian context.

Keywords: Waqf; strategic collaboration; collaborative waqf; polycentric collaborative governance

ABSTRAK

Cabaran utama untuk mengoperasikan wakaf di Malaysia terletak kepada kemampuan kolaboratif melibatkan urustadbir. Di Malaysia, kuasa wakaf adalah di bawah Majlis Agama Islam Negeri (MAIN). Bagaimanapun, terdapat beberapa dakwaan tentang kesukaran mendapatkan kebenaran daripada MAIN. Tujuan kajian ini dilakukan bagi mengungkai paradigma perhubungan kolaboratif yang dikatakan sebagai kompleks di antara pihak yang berminat membangunkan institusi wakaf dan MAIN. Satu kes kajian wakaf berkenaan Wakaf CSR dibincangkan untuk mengetahui bagaimana kejayaan kolaborasi wakaf di bawah perspektif polisentrik dapat dilakukan. Metodologi kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif melalui temuduga separa berstruktur selain daripada maklumat sekunder melalui carian perpustakaan dan input daripada seminar. Kes kajian ini memperlihatkan potensi bagaimana wakaf dapat dioperasikan dengan harmoni ke dalam kerangka perundangan menggunakan mekanisme urustadbir kolaboratif. Impak yang didemonstrasikan daripada kejayaan kes kajian ini telah menginspirasikan pihak lain mewujudkan projek wakaf secara berkolaborasi dengan MAIN. Konklusi daripada kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa urustadbir di bawah perspektif polisentrik merupakan formulasi ideal dalam mengoperasikan wakaf dalam konteks Malaysia.

Kata kunci: Wakaf; kolaborasi strategik; kolaboratif wakaf; urustadbir kolaboratif polisentrik


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