Perception of Community Residents on Supporting Urban Agriculture in Malaysian City: Case Study at Bukit Mertajam

Pushpawani Ramaloo, Choong-Yeun Liong, Chamhuri Siwar, Anizan Isahak

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to identify the concept of urban agriculture in the residential environment of a community by taking the Taman Desa Damai community of Bukit Mertajam City, Penang State, Malaysia as the sample. This study conducted in-depth interviews and observations with 15 community residents to explore the influences of setting up urban agriculture with respect to three aspects of community residents benefits at the social, economics and environmental levels, and followed by about future farm environmental effect, key stakeholders and the challenges. The results indicate that community farming has become significant in realizing the full potential of the residential community and facing obstacles to be sustained in the long term. We recommend stakeholders to support in terms of finance so that community farming has more access to technical facilities and achieve household food self-sufficiency, food availability and food security, diversity of diet and contribute immensely to urban household’s livelihoods. It is hoped that this work will be a useful reference in promoting more urban community participation in community urban agriculture in order to achieve sustainable urban environment.

Keywords: Community farming; urban agriculture; social benefits; economic benefits; environmental benefits

ABSTRAK

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti konsep pertanian bandar di persekitaran kediaman komuniti dengan mengambil komuniti Taman Desa Damai di bandar Bukit Mertajam, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia sebagai sampel. Kajian ini telah mengendalikan wawancara dan pemerhatian mendalam dengan 15 penduduk untuk mengkaji persepsi mereka terhadap pertanian bandar berkenaan dengan tiga aspek faedah yang akan diperoleh, iaitu dari peringkat sosial, ekonomi dan alam sekitar, serta diikuti dengan tentang kesan persekitaran pertanian bandar pada masa depan, pihak berkepentingan dan cabaran yang dihadapi. Hasilnya mendapati bahawa pertanian komuniti adalah penting dalam kalangan penduduk komuniti dan terdapat kekangan untuk melaksanakannya untuk jangka masa panjang. Dicadangkan agar pihak berkepentingan untuk menyokong dari segi kewangan supaya pertanian komuniti mempunyai lebih banyak akses kepada kemudahan teknikal dan mampu diri dari segi keperluan makanan, ketersediaan dan jaminan keselamatan makanan, kepelbagaian makanan serta menyumbang kepada hasil penghidupan isi rumah di bandar. Diharapkan kajian ini akan menjadi rujukan berguna untuk menggalakkan lebih banyak penyertaan penduduk komuniti bandar dalam pertanian komuniti bandar demi mencapai persekitaran bandar lestari.

Kata kunci: Pertanian komuniti; pertanian bandar; faedah sosial; faedah ekonomi; faedah alam sekitar


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