Conceptualization of a Research Model for Sustainable Logistics Practices and Logistics Transport Performance

Kavigtha Mohan Kumar, Azmawani Abd Rahman, K. Jayaraman, Suzari Abdul Rahim



The paper aims to validate scale measurements of logistics execution practices, pricing practices, service offerings and labor practices as constructs for sustainable logistics practices for transporters. Furthermore, the paper intended to explore the influence of sustainable logistics practices on logistics transport performance. The variables are linked with triple bottom line (TBL) model and variables are clustered based on environmental, economic and social dimension. Further, the variables of sustainable logistics practices were tested on logistics transport performance. In total, five hypotheses are postulated. The model testing was executed by applying PLS-SEM application. The data collection was based on transport users, which cover manufacturers, third party logistics service provider and freight forwarders. The model testing utilized 194 transport users in Malaysia to prove the formulated hypotheses on sustainable logistics practices on logistics transport performance. The results of the analysis show logistics service execution, pricing practice, labor practices have a significant positive relationship with logistics transport performance. The finding of the research shows sustainable logistics practices have a strong effect on logistics transport performance of transporters. A proper adoption of sustainable logistics practices among transport service provider will help them to further enhance their logistics transport performance. Validation of scale measurement for sustainable logistics practices of transports is the first of its kind in the literature on sustainability. The items incorporated are selected based on extensive literature review and experts from the transport industry. The paper describes empirical research on sustainable logistics practices for developing countries.

Keywords: Logistics transport performance; sustainable logistics; transport users; transport service providers; practices


Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengesahkan ukuran skala amalan pelaksanaan logistik, amalan penentuan harga, tawaran perkhidmatan dan amalan buruh sebagai konstruk amalan logistik mampan untuk pihak yang terlibat dalam pengangkutan. Tambahan pula, kajian ini bertujuan untuk meninjau pengaruh amalan logistik mampan terhadap prestasi pengangkutan logistik. Pembolehubah yang berkaitan dengan model Triple Bottom Line (TBL) dan pemboleh ubah telah dikelompok berdasarkan dimensi alam sekitar, ekonomi dan sosial. Di samping itu, pembolehubah amalan logistik lestari telah diuji terhadap prestasi pengangkutan logistik. Secara keseluruhannya, lima hipotesis diandaikan dalam kajian ini. Model kajian ini diuji dengan menggunakan aplikasi PLS-SEM. Pengumpulan data dilakukan terhadap pengguna pengangkutan, yang meliputi pengeluar, pihak ketiga dalam membekalkan perkhidmatan logistik dan penghantar kargo. Model ini telah diuji dengan mengambil pendapat daripada 194 pengguna pengangkutan di Malaysia untuk membuktikan hipotesis yang digubal dalam amalan logistik mampan terhadap prestasi pengangkutan logistik. Keputusan pelaksanaan perkhidmatan logistik analisis menunjukkan, amalan penentuan harga, amalan buruh mempunyai hubungan positif yang penting dengan prestasi pengangkutan logistik. Keputusan kajian menunjukkan amalan logistik mampan mempunyai kesan yang berpengaruh terhadap prestasi pengangkutan logistik pengangkutan. Pengadaptasian yang betul dalam amalan logistik lestari di kalangan pembekal perkhidmatan pengangkutan akan membantu mereka untuk mempertingkatkan prestasi pengangkutan logistik mereka. Pengesahan pengukuran skala untuk amalan logistik mampan pengangkutan kajian ini merupakan perintis dalam kajian literasi dalam bidang kemampanan. Perkara-perkara yang digolongkan untuk dikaji ini dipilih berdasarkan kajian literasi yang luas dan daripada pendapat pakar-pakar dari industri pengangkutan. Kertas kerja ini menerangkan penyelidikan empirikal mengenai amalan logistik mampan bagi negara-negara membangun.

Kata kunci: Prestasi pengangkutan logistic; kelestarian logistik; pengguna perkhidmatan pengangkutan; pembekal perkhidmatan pengangkutan; amalan

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