Pemenuhan Kontrak Psikologi dan Perkongsian Pengetahuan: Peranan Kepercayaan, Timbal Balas dan Iklim Kolaboratif

Rasidah Arshad, Rosmah Mat Isa, Nor Liza Abdullah Abdullah

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Kajian ini dijalankan untuk menyiasat hubungan langsung antara pemenuhan kontrak psikologi dan perkongsian pengetahuan, serta hubungan tidak langsung antara pembolehubah tersebut menerusi kepercayaan terhadap organisasi, rasa timbal balas, dan iklim kolaboratif. Sampel kajian terdiri daripada seratus empat puluh lima ahli akademik dari universiti awam di Malaysia. Hipotesis diuji menggunakan Permodelan Persamaan Berstruktur (SEM). Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa pemenuhan kontrak psikologi tidak berhubung secara langsung dengan perkongsian pengetahuan tetapi secara tidak langsung menerusi pembolehubah pengantara kepercayaan, timbal balas, dan iklim kolaboratif. Kajian yang dijalankan ini menyumbang kepada panggilan untuk memahami serta menyediakan bukti empirikal mengenai peranan faktor situasi sebagai pembolehubah pengantara dalam hubungan antara kontrak psikologi dan perkongsian pengetahuan.

Kata kunci: Kontrak psikologi; perkongsian pengetahuan; kepercayaan; timbal balas; iklim kolaboratif

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to investigate direct relationships between psychological contract fulfilment and knowledge sharing, and indirect relationships via trust, reciprocity, and collaborative climate. Sample for the study comprises of one hundred and forty five academicians from public universities in Malaysia. Hypotheses were tested using Structural Equation Modeling. The findings show that psychological contract fulfilment was not directly related to knowledge sharing, but indirectly related through trust, reciprocity, and collaborative climate. The study supports the call for more empirical evidence concerning the role of situational variables as mediating variables in understanding the relationship between psychological contract and knowledge sharing.

Keywords: Psychological contract; knowledge sharing; trust; reciprocity; collaborative climate


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