Does Personality Influence Workplace Bullying and Lead to Depression Among Nurses?

Hairul Akmal Mohd Halim, Fatimah Wati Halim, Rozainee Khairuddin

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Workplace bullying is one of the most common work related psychological problems and has been a topic of interest since the 1990s. However, only a few researchers have investigated the influence of personality towards workplace bullying and depression. This study examines the role of personality factors as predictors of workplace bullying and their effects on depression. Structural equation modeling analysis was used to analyze the workplace bullying model. The research involved 340 registered nurses from the public sector. The respondents completed questionnaires on personality factors, workplace bullying, and depression. Results showed that only conscientiousness influenced workplace bullying and neuroticism affected depression directly. Workplace bullying has been found to directly influence depression among nurses. The findings have implications on how workplace bullying plays a key role in the relationship between personality and depression and may serve as a guideline on how to prevent nurses from psychological problems caused by workplace bullying.

Keywords: Big Five personality; workplace bullying; depression; structural equation modeling, nurses

ABSTRAK

Tingkah laku buli di tempat kerja merupakan satu daripada masalah psikologi yang lazim di alami di tempat kerja dan situasi ini telah menjadi topik yang mendapat perhatian sejak tahun 1990. Walaubagaimanapun, hanya terdapat beberapa kajian personaliti di tempat kerja yang mengkaji pengaruhnya terhadap tingkah laku buli dan kemurungan. Kajian ini mengkaji peranan faktor-faktor personaliti sebagai penyebab buli di tempat kerja dan kesannya ke atas kemurungan. Analisis model persamaan berstruktur digunakan untuk menganalisa model tingkah laku buli di tempat kerja. Kajian ini membabitkan 340 jururawat berdaftar daripada sektor awam yang telah melengkapkan soal selidik berkenaan faktor-faktor personaliti, buli di tempat kerja, dan kemurungan. Kajian menunjukkan hanya kehematan mempengaruhi buli di tempat kerja manakala neurotisisme mempengaruhi kemurungan secara langsung. Sebaliknya, buli tempat kerja mempunyai pengaruh langsung ke atas kemurungan antara jururawat. Dapatan ini mempunyai implikasi tentang bagaimana buli memainkan peranan utama dalam hubungan di antara personaliti dan kemurungan dan boleh menjadi panduan untuk menghalang jururawat daripada mengalami masalah psikologikal yang disebabkan oleh buli di tempat kerja.

Kata kunci: Personaliti lima faktor; buli di tenpat kerja; kemurungan; model persamaan berstruktur; jururawat


Keywords


workplace bullying; Big five personality; depression; structural equation modelling; nurses

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