Enhancing the Employee Engagement: The Mediating Role of Exchange Ideology

Lianto Lianto, Anis Eliyana, Rizky Fauzan

Abstract


ABSTRACT

This study analyses a model that links three predictors namely workplace spirituality, self-efficacy, and person-organization fit to employee engagement through the mediating role of exchange ideology. Drawing on social exchange theory, researchers expected that exchange ideology would mediate the relationship between the given antecedents and employee engagement. This study used quantitative method to collect data and WarpPLS5.0 to analyze the data. The results of a survey conducted among 100 employees of credit unions in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, indicated that employees with stronger spirituality, self-efficacy, and values compatibility engaged better at work. Researchers also found that exchange ideology did not mediate the relationship between workplace spirituality and employee engagement although the exchange ideology mediated the relationship between two predictors namely self-efficacy and person-organization fit to employee engagement.

Keywords: Workplace spirituality; self-efficacy; person-organization fit; exchange ideology; employee engagement

ABSTRAK

Kajian ini mengkaji model yang menghubungkan tiga faktor penentu, iaitu kerohanian tempat kerja, keberkesanan kendiri, dan kesesuaian individu-organisasi untuk keterlibatan pekerja menerusi peranan perantaraan ideologi pertukaran. Menurut teori pertukaran sosial, peyelidik menjangkakan ideologi pertukaran menjadi pengantara dalam hubungan antara antesedan yang diberi dan keterlibatan pekerja. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kuantitatif untuk mengutip data dan perisian WarpPLS5.0 digunakan untuk menganalisis data. Hasil kaji selidik yang dilakukan ke atas 100 orang pekerja syarikat kredit di Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia, menunjukkan bahawa pekerja yang mempunyai kerohanian yang lebih kuat, keberkesanan kendiri, dan keserasian nilai akan bekerja dengan lebih baik di tempat kerja. Para penyelidik juga menemukan bahawa ideologi pertukaran tidak memainkan peranan pengantara bagi hubungan antara kerohanian tempat kerja dengan keterlibatan pekerja meskipun ideologi pertukaran menjadi pengantara hubungan antara dua faktor penentu, iaitu keberkesanan kendiri dan kesesuaian nilai individu dengan nilai organisasi untuk keterlibatan pekerja.

Kata kunci: Kerohanian tempat kerja; keberkesanan kendiri; kesesuaian nilai individu dengan nilai organisasi; ideologi pertukaran; keterlibatan pekerja


Keywords


workplace spirituality, engagement self-efficacy, person-organization fit, exchange ideology, employee engagement

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


DISCLAIMER

The editors and publisher of Jurnal Pengurusan have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Jurnal Pengurusan, its editors or its publisher. Jurnal Pengurusan, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising therefrom.