Big Five Personality, Transformational Leadership, Psychological Safety, and Employee Engagement of Private Sector Employees in Southern Thailand

Norsiah Mat, Parichat Jansriboot, Norazuwa Mat



This study examines the relationship between five factor model of personality (i.e, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, agreeableness and neuroticism), transformational leadership and psychological safety and their impact on employee engagement. A total of 402 of private sector companies in Southern Thailand participated in this study. PLS-SEM was used to analyze the data. Overall measurement model showed appropriate psychometric properties in term of reliability and validity. The propose model of this research has relied primarily on reflective measurement model. Out of the five personality factors, three proved to have an influence on employee engagement (extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness to experience), however the influence of agreeableness and neuroticism were not supported. Transformational leadership and psychological safety also showed direct influence on employee engagement. The results of predictive power of the structural model was 0.337 indicating that 33.7% of the variance in the employee engagement construct was explained by the five factor model of personality, transformational leadership and psychological safety. Theoretical and practical implications of the study are highlighted. Finally, limitations and further research are discussed.

Keywords: Employee engagement; five factor model of personality; transformational leadership; psychological safety


Kajian ini meneliti hubungan antara model lima faktor personaliti (extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, agreeableness dan neuroticism), kepimpinan transformasi dan keselamatan psikologi terhadap penglibatan pekerja. Sejumlah 402 syarikat sektor swasta di Thailand Selatan mengambil bahagian dalam kajian ini. PLS-SEM digunakan untuk menganalisis data. Model pengukuran keseluruhannya menunjukkan sifat psikometrik yang sesuai dari segi kebolehpercayaan dan kesahan. Model pengukuran dalam kajian ini adalah model pengukuran reflektif. Daripada lima faktor personaliti, tiga terbukti mempunyai pengaruh terhadap penglibatan pekerja (extraversion, conscientiousness dan openness to experience), namun agreeableness dan neurotisme tidak mempengaruhi penglibatan pekerja. Kepimpinan transformasional dan keselamatan psikologi juga menunjukkan pengaruh langsung terhadap penglibatan pekerja. Model struktur menunjukkan kekuatan ramalan adalah 0.337 atau 33.7% daripada varian dalam penglibatan pekerja dijelaskan oleh model lima faktor personaliti, kepimpinan transformasi dan keselamatan psikologi. Implikasi teoretikal dan praktikal kajian juga diketengahkan. Akhirnya, batasan dan penyelidikan selanjutnya dibincangkan.

Kata kunci: Penglibatan pekerja; model lima faktor personaliti; kepimpinan transformasi; keselamatan psikologi


Employee Engagement, Five Factor Model of Personality, Transformational Leadership, Psychological Safety, PLS-SEM

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