Spousal Support and Subjective Career Success: The Role of Work-Family Balance and Career Commitment as Mediator

Shofia Amin, Rasidah Arshad, Rohayu Abdul Ghani

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The present study aims to investigate the antecedent of career success from work-family perspective. Specifically, it examines both direct relationship between spousal support and subjective career success, and indirect relationship via work-family balance and career commitment. Data were collected using survey method from four hundred and seventeen nurses working in hospitals in Jambi, Indonesia. To test the hypotheses, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) statistical technique was employed. The results of the study indicate that spousal support is positively related to career success. Work-family balance was found to mediate the relationship between spousal support and subjective career success, while career commitment was found to mediate the relationship between work-family balance and subjective career success. The study bridges the work-family research and career success research area, and brings together the literature on role theory, spillover theory, conservation of resources theory in one model.

Keywords: Spousal support; work-family balance; career commitment; subjective career success; role theory; conservation of resource theory

ABSTRAK

Objektif utama kajian ini adalah untuk menyiasat anteseden kejayaan kerjaya dari perspektif kerja-keluarga. Secara khususnya, kajian ini meneliti hubungan langsung antara sokongan pasangan dan kejayaan kerjaya subjektif, dan juga hubungan tidak langsung menerusi pembolehubah keseimbangan kerja-keluarga, dan komitmen kerjaya. Dengan menggunakan kaedah soalselidik, data untuk kajian ini dikumpulkan daripada empat ratus tujuh belas jururawat yang bekerja di hospital di Jambi, Indonesia. Teknik statistik Permodelan Persamaan Berstruktur (SEM) digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis. Hasil kajian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan positif antara sokongan pasangan dan kejayaan subjektif kerjaya. Keseimbangan kerja-keluarga pula didapati bertindak sebagai pengantara dalam hubungan antara sokongan pasangan dan kejayaan kerjaya subjektif, manakala komitmen kerjaya pula didapati menjadi pengantara dalam hubungan antara keseimbangan kerja-keluarga dan kejayaan kerjaya subjektif. Kajian ini menghubungkan bidang kajian kerja-keluarga dan kejayaan kerjaya, disamping menggabungkan literatur berkaitan teori peranan, teori limpahan serta teori pemuliharaan sumber dalam satu model.

Kata kunci: Sokongan pasangan; keseimbangan kerja-keluarga; komitmen kerjaya; kejayaan kerjaya subjektif; teori peranan; teori pemuliharaan sumber


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